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Between 1928 and 1941 Stalin had a huge effect on Russia.

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Introduction

History Coursework Between 1928 and 1941 Stalin had a huge effect on Russia. He influenced and completely changed the industry, the agriculture and the society of Russia. In this essay, I will discuss if what he changed modernised Russia, and if so was it worth the cost paid for by the suffering population. Tsarist Russia was described as 'Tea, eggs and orthodoxy'. Tea, because the Russians were always hospitable; eggs, because a small percentage of the population were rich and could be symbolised by Faberg´┐Ż eggs, and orthodoxy because there was a social hierarchy (and because of the Russian orthodox religion). This 'order' came about mainly because of differences in wealth between different classes of people, so the different divisions were split. Also, the fact that the lower classes had no transport or news available, and some classes of people were of different nationalities to others which meant that the split between the classes grew. The hierarchy consisted of the Tsar, followed by members of the church, then the army, the industrialists, and finally the peasants. Many people were against this system, as they did not believe the Tsar was worthy of having ultimate control, and so the 1905 Revolution came about. ...read more.

Middle

Russia was backwards when Stalin came into power, and the economy was in a dire state. The economy was miles behind the British, American, German and other Western superpower's economies. Change was desperately needed. Lenin decided on doing '5 Year Plans'. These plans were drawn up by GOSPLAN, which meant that GOSPLAN had regional targets which were subdivided into cities, then factories, then to specific managers, then the overseers, then to each shift, then to each specific worker. The first 5 year plan focused on the major heavy industries. Although most targets set were not accomplished, Russia produced an enormous amount more than they previously had done in 1928. The second 5 year plan built on the achievements of the first one. Major heavy industries were still a priority, but other areas (i.e. mining, transport and communications) were improved. The third 5 year plan was to produce consumer goods, but was interrupted by WW2 in 1939. An indication that the industry was improved spectacularly was that Russia survived WW2, although suffering heavy losses, and the fact that their industrial outputs (e.g. electricity, iron, steel, coal and oil) increased by an size ranging from 250% increase to a 700% increase from 1928 to 1941. ...read more.

Conclusion

The education system was changed to make the people believe that Stalin was a great leader. Portraits, photographs and statues of Stalin were everywhere. Stalin poetry and music was widespread. All music and art was monitored by the NKVD so everything praised Stalin in one way or another. Religious worship was completely banned, and instead people were made to worship Stalin. God was, in effect, replaced with Stalin. I believe that this was not a modernised society, but a monstrous one. His actions did not improve conditions for anybody, but merely terrified them, and caused millions of unnecessary deaths solely for the sake of staying in power. In conclusion, I believe that Stalin modernised the industry of Russia between 1928 and 1941, but was unsuccessful in improving the agricultural needs of Russia, or improving living conditions, working conditions or life in general for the Russian population. His actions were seen to be controversial, and rightfully were. He improved Russia's industry, and kept power when using methods which would have otherwise led to him being removed from power; but the cost of keeping power was incalculable. Some historians estimate that 20,000,000 people died because of his actions, and I'm sure that 20,000,000 deaths would not be a price the Russian people, or indeed anyone, would be willing to pay simply for a stronger economy. Allen Hoten 11y Page 1 of 5 ...read more.

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