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Black Americans also entered politics. WEB DuBois founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1919 it had 300 branches and around 90,000 members. It campaigned

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Introduction

History Holiday Work by Mahmoud. Faced by such intimidation, discrimination and poverty, many black people left the rural south and moved to the cities of the northern USA. Through the 1920s the black population of both Chicago and New York doubled: New York's from 150,000 to 330,000 and Chicago from 110,000 to 230,000. In the north, black Americans had a better chance of getting good jobs and a good education. For example, Howard University was an exclusively black institution for higher education. In both Chicago and New York, there was a small but growing black middle class. There was a successful 'black capitalist' movement, encouraging black people to set up businesses. ...read more.

Middle

Countee Cullen was another prominent poet who tried to tackle racism and poverty. In one famous poem ('For A Lady I Know') he tried to sum up attitudes of wealthy white employees to their black servants. She even thinks that up in heaven Her class lies late and snores While poor black cherubs rise at seven To do celestial chores Black Americans also entered politics. WEB DuBois founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1919 it had 300 branches and around 90,000 members. It campaigned to end racial segregation laws and to get laws passed against lynching It did not make much headway at the time, but the numbers of lynchings did fall. ...read more.

Conclusion

He was one of very few businessmen to be charged for this offence. Garvey's movement attracted 1 million members at its height in 1921. One of these was the Reverend Earl Little. He was beaten to death by Klan thugs in the late 1920s, but his son went on to be the black rights leader Malcolm X. Although important, these movements failed to change the USA dramatically. Life expectancy for blacks increased from 45 to 48 between 1900 and 1930, but they were still a long way behind the white, whose life expectancy increased from 54 to 59 over the same period. Many black people in the northern cities lived in great poverty. In Harlem in New York they lived in poorer housing than whites, yet paid higher rents. They had poorer education and health services than the whites. ...read more.

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