• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Blacks as second class citizens from 1945-55in USA

Extracts from this document...


HOW FAR IS IT ACCURATE TO DESCRIBE BLACK AMERICANS AS SECOND CLASS CITIZENS FROM 1945 TO 1955? In the Declaration of Independence of 1776 it was declared that 'all men are created equal, and that they are endowed by their creator with inalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness'. In 1791 the Bill of Rights reinforced this and stated that all men have equal rights and opportunities. In this essay I will assess whether or not black Americans were treated as second class citizens from 1945 to 1955; politically, socially and economically. In the South, for black Americans, it was virtually impossible to vote in any elections. Mississippi was the first state to introduce new voting registrations back in 1890, which took away the right to vote for most African-Americans. The voting situation for blacks had not improved much in this time and blacks were still subject to literacy tests and residential qualifications. ...read more.


However the poor situation of black voting rights was not as extreme in the northern states. By 1945 black Americans were able to vote. However this did not always lead to sympathetic representatives because much depended upon the number of black voters in a constituency. In 1945 there were only 2 black members of Congress, hardly a fair representation of the number of black Americans in the country. Even in 1945, after WWII when Americans fought for democracy and freedom and to abolish fascism in Europe, black Americans faced daily segregation especially in the South. There were segregated schools and the black ones were usually inferior. Even if you were well educated if you were black you were banned from sitting alongside a white person in restaurants, cinemas or public transport. In 1945 southern blacks suffered de jure segregation under the Jim Crow laws that had first been introduced nearly 60 years previously. It was written into state laws that there should be separate waiting rooms, education, buses and even burial between whites and blacks. ...read more.


Many found work in the car industry in Detroit and the meat packing factories in Chicago. A. Philip Randolph saw that pressure on the government and the use of black economic power propelled the quest for equality forwards. In the South, however, blacks were still being treated as second class citizens economically. They could only find work in the worst menial jobs. Their colour trapped most African-Americans in low paid jobs that wasted any potential. In Texas, future president LBJ realised that in the segregation and inferior work that blacks had to do there was much waste being made of abilities that could help to develop the region. Black soldiers also found it very difficult to find work after returning home and found little respect or gratitude for their services in WWII. The middle class held the key to any development in civil rights. Most of the new members of the NAACP were middle class. In 1944 the GI Bill of Rights offered great educational opportunities and war veterans were free to attend the educational institution of their choice. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. One problem leading to Blacks fighting for their Civil Rights was the unjust Jim ...

    Emmett in the head and throw Emmett's body to the bottom of the river Mississippi. The husband was never proven guilty because the jury of the case was all white. Meanwhile Emmett's mother faced grieving and in this gave the go ahead to show Emmett's bruised and battered body in

  2. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    The Klu Klux Klan (KKK) this gang of people were and are still to this day a white supremist group, who started up from the end of the civil war. If they don't like someone they will intimidate burn, lynch and murder them, there were lots of "types" they didn't like.

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    Hint: A favourite question in the essay section. Know what the Great Society was and why it failed. * LBJ was an experienced domestic politician and the Great Society was his vision of a better America. * One of LBJ's first act was a $10 billion tax cut which resulted in an economic boom in the USA.

  2. Civil Rights In The USA.

    King was even present on the 2nd of July 1964 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the 1964 Civil Rights Act. In contrast to his successes his failures were there to see too. Black people could vote but that doesn't mean all white Americans wanted them too, they were kept

  1. I intend to explain what my views are about the statement "women in Britain ...

    In my view women's rights and way of life have come a long way since the 1950's and 1960's. Looking at several areas of every day life can prove this. For example to obtain a job, women can go for an interview and not be treated any differently from men this is the same when in the job or workplace.

  2. That all men are created equal: That they are endowed by their creator With ...

    Does it not say in the statement... ", That all men are created equal." This is not shown at all in the passage and the statement is completely false. Imagine that your family has been dragged away from you. Your mother beaten.

  1. RFK: The Hidden Factor in the Decision-Making of the LBJ Presidency

    With the 1960 Democratic National Convention quickly approaching, many believed that LBJ desired the presidential nomination as the pinnacle to his political career. RFK's road to the 1960 election was not as conventional. During the 1950s, Republican senator Joseph McCarthy, a Kennedy political friend, appointed twenty-seven-year-old RFK as an assistant

  2. Why did many black citizens of the USA still face poverty and discrimination in ...

    This meant that there was less funding available and the strategies were not as well thought out as white people in the organisation had gained a better education. This meant the civil rights movement had been weakened and by 1970 SNCC only had three active chapters.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work