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Blitzkrieg literally means 'Lightning War'.

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Blitzkrieg literally means 'Lightning War'. World War 2 was known as a 'Total War' this meant for the first time, the civilian population of countries became a target. The method of warfare was to attack a city from the air; this was used in great effect by the Germans as what we know as The Blitz. Germany was desperate, Hitler wanted to take over everywhere, he had taken over half of Europe in just 8 months. To conquer Great Britain he needed to disable the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force or they would crush any landing fleet he sent across the English Channel. Churchill wasn't going to have none of it; even though he was out numbered he did have his advantages. Fighting on home ground meant that they had more flying time, which meant they didn't waste any fuel, and any pilots parachuting out of a downed aircraft could be picked up and put back in the air. Churchill refused to lie down and die in the face of Nazi terror; he had no intention to make peace with the Nazi dictator. To weaken the chances of the British war effort Hitler intended to destroy factories, oil depots and other important places that could help them in the war. By destroying these places Hitler thought the British would have a lot less chance of winning because he thought we wouldn't be prepared for what was going to be a big dip in the nations lives. ...read more.


Sugar was rationed at twelve ounces per week and meat was rationed by its cost. A lot of the food was cut down there were shortages of meat, dairy products, cakes, biscuits, sweets etc, though milk was rationed at a very high level. Foods such as potatoes vegetables and bread were never rationed. Each item was given points, or to the holder of the ration book coupons. Each family had to register with a shop or store where they could purchase their items and this was the only place where the family could make purchases. With clothes each person was given coupons this usually resulted in you getting 48 coupons per year, a ladies dress was worth 5 coupons and a mans shirt was worth 4 coupons. Due to the men being at war, it encouraged the women to-do their bit. Although women had worked in factories before there was a big increase after the war broke out, altogether 7 million were employed in the war effort. Evacuation and propaganda were brought in. Even before Germany had decided to invade Britain, the Government had already planned to send women and children to safer parts of Britain, where it could be classed as not dangerous, this would mainly be in the country away from the town where it was a threat to be bombed. The biggest fleet of evacuees left London starting at 5.30am 1st September. The government devised a scheme where it was possible to apply for evacuation assistance, and they made all the necessary arrangements regarding future accommodation and travel, most of these places were kept a secret even the evacuees didn't know where they were going. ...read more.


The programmer had to stand by though in case some live information was given out which shouldn't be to cut it off. The BBC introduced a programme called "Music While You Work". Some 8,000 of the larger factories and establishments piped the music through to all its workers and it is estimated that four and a half million workers worked and listened to the programme everyday keeping up good spirits in the work place. Churchill had been said to be the best British leader of the 20th century, his courage and determination made his country pull through the war in one of the biggest struggles of our history. He kept everyone calm and earned the trust of the British, who put their lives into his hands; he made a lot of public appearances and speeches. One of Churchill's speeches to the people was "...we must not let our peoples lose their morale, we must not, under any circumstances allow them to admit defeat." Churchill used different ways of talking to his nation, the Brits were well known for their sense of humour so he told the people that Hitler's intention was to "terrorize and cow the people of this almighty city". The government wanted to know how the average Londoner was coping, to-do this the government set up and organisation called The Ministry Of Information. It had about 1000 staff also another couple of thousand who were a secret. These people were based all over Britain, information was sent to London and filed. This helped the government see how the average person was coping and to show their points of view. ...read more.

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