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Bloody Sunday

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Question 2 Jessica Smith Ireland-Modern World Study Coursework Assignment I covered the Battle of the Boyne in my first question, I wrote from a Catholic point of view and a Protestant point of view. Bloody Sunday Troops were sent into Ireland in 1969, to sort out the troubles. Catholics in Derry's bogside area built barricades to protect themselves in early 1969. They felt that they could expect no protection from the police. The situation continued to deteriorate in the following months, with some explosions, which damaged electricity and water supplies. The explosions were blamed on the IRA, but really were the work of the Ulster Protestants Volunteers (UPV), who were trying to discredit the Catholics. The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Terence O' Neill resigned in April of 1969 after the General Election. The Unionists felt that he was giving into the Civil Rights group. The Protestant Orange marches sparked off further trouble in July 1969, but it was the Apprentice Boys march in Derry during August that brought wholesale violence to the streets. The march passed the Catholic Bogside and the police became involved in the riots. The rioting and violence escalated and after two days Chichester-Clark, Northern Ireland's new Prime Minister, asked the Government in Westminster to send troops to restore order. The rioting was shown on television and the event was called the Battle of the Bogside. ...read more.


Sinn Fein, the political wing of the IRA said that it would 'Campaign with a ballot paper in one hand and an Armalite in the other' Sinn Fein MP's Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness were both involved in the events of Bloody Sunday. Martin McGuinness was a commander at Bloody Sunday and said in a National Paper 3 weeks ago that he is not ashamed of what happened, proving that the neither the IRA or Sinn Fein did not care. For this event it is exceptionally hard to come up with a point of view for both religion, the concept is overwhelming, but I think that neither was happy with the deaths bombs etc. but what could a simple march do to provoke such attacks? Again the Catholics got most of the blame, the British Army had more power and people supported them and were mainly Protestant, so the Catholics were blamed including the IRA. Catholic in Northern Ireland are the underdogs and have been for over 300 years. Protestants also got some of the blame but not as much as the Catholics, again both were not happy, so it is hard to come up with what people exactly thought unless you were there. The Potato Famine In 1800, families in the Irish Countryside rarely owned the land that they farmed. Much of the land was owned by large landlords who rented the land out to tenants. ...read more.


The British Government would not give the Irish Catholics food only sell it, this fuelled hatred towards English and Protestants as well. Catholics in the eyes of Protestants and English were viewed as scum, and didn't want them there so they'd make them pay rents, only sell them food. As well as a dislike for each other this was part of the feudal system. Not only did this affect the Catholic farmers but it also affected Protestant farmers, although most Protestants owned the land and got money from their Catholic tenants. The Protestants may have been viewed as greedy and pitiless because they did not care about the Catholic farmers problems and just wanted their rent and land. Protestants had more rights than Catholics by law, Catholics were not allowed to join the army, or have a profession, basically anything that gave them a position in society. These laws were set by William III, whereas Protestants had the freedom to do all these things without worrying. The unfair treatment of Catholics during this period may have had a wore effect than events before it, mainly because of the cruelty and selfish displays of greediness by the British. Catholics hate Protestants because they had more rights, example, Catholics were not allowed to vote, whatever they felt on matters had no effect or meaning to Protestants. They felt inferior and at the chance to rebel and fight back they would not and did not turn it down. ...read more.

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