• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bloody Sunday

Extracts from this document...


Bloody Sunday Blood Sunday refers to the shooting dead of 26 civil rights protesters in Derry, Northern Ireland on 30 January 1972. I will first explain the causes of Bloody Sunday Two years before Bloody Sunday, the provisional Irish Republican Army's campaign against Northern Ireland being part of the UK had begun. The protestant areas of Northern Ireland remained part of the UK while the rest of the Ireland eventually became part of the UK. Violence was common in Northern Ireland during The Troubles in 1923. In the late 1960's the Roman Catholic Nationalist population of Northern Irealnd and the Primarily protestant Unionists were openly firing at each other. ...read more.


The British army faced 180 nail bombs and 211 explosives. They fired364 rounds in return. 30 British soldiers were killed in the remaining months of 1971. Free Derry was a nationalist area of Derry, 29 barricades were put in place there to prevent access from the British army and The RUC. In 1968 NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association) was set up. It was influenced by the black civil rights movement in the Southern states of the USA. It consisted of a wide range of organisations, individuals, trade unions and members of political parties, not just disconnected Catholics. This organisations aims were to:- * Defend the basic freedoms of all citizens * Protect the rights of the individual * Highlight all possible abuses of power * Demand guarantees for freedom of speech, assembly and association (belonging to a trade union) ...read more.


At approximatlry 3:45pm most of the marchers followed the instructions of the organisers and turned right into Rossville Street to hold a meeting at "Free Derry corner". A small group of teenagers broke off from the main crowd. They tried to push the barracades and to march on The Guild Hall. They shouted insults at the troops and attacked theBritish barricade with stones. A water cannon, tear gas and rubber bullets were used to disperse the rioters. A part of the crowd continued onto William Street to the British army barricade. A riot developed between the Catholic youth in Derry and the British army. At around 3:55pm soldiers who were believed to bea machine-gun platoon of paratroopers opened fire at a derelict building in William Street. They shot 5 rounds and injured Damien Donaghy(15) and John Johnston (59) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Sunday January On 30, 1972, in an incident since known as Bloody Sunday, twenty-seven ...

    of sight of the meeting, soldiers in a derelict building opened fire and injured Damien Donaghy and John Johnston.. Also around this time (about 3.55 pm) as the riot in William Street was breaking up, Paratroopers requested permission to begin an arrest operation.

  2. bloody sunday assignment 1

    The Bogside was again barricaded, due to how much violence was expected to occur. Robert Porter, the Home Affairs Minister for Northern Ireland, had the power to ban marches. John Homme, the Nationalish leader, asked Robert Porter to band the Apprentice Boy's march, but was refused as Robert Porter was

  1. bloody sunday assignment 2

    Now that we know that they used violence, it is fair to say that the army may have been provoked by violence to take this action. But as this is very one-sided, and has given no credit to what the army has said it is not a very reliable source to rely on alone.

  2. Which of these two sources would a historian studying 'Bloody Sunday' find the more ...

    If this were correct, then the writer would have been trying to influence the readers and make them sympathetic to his cause. This would make Source E unreliable to a historian trying to find out the facts of 'Bloody Sunday'.

  1. What happened on Bloody Sunday?

    Bogside The Bogside is a Catholic area of Derry. It became a place were poverty and unemployment went unchecked. The local poet Seamus Deane once wrote: "Bogside was once a street. Now it's a condition". In the summer of 1969, a three-day battle with the police became so violent that the British Labour government sent in troops to restore order in this estate.

  2. Report: Events of Bloody Sunday

    They claimed that members of the IRA had fired them upon and insist that they did not fire the first shot. THE WIDGERY REPORT On the 1st of February 1972 the British Government appointed Lord Widgery to set up an inquiry into the events of 'Bloody Sunday'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work