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Bloody Sunday

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Introduction

The Irish Question On the 30th January 1972, 15000 people from all walks of life began a peaceful march to Derry. These people were marching against internment (prison without trial). They were marching peacefully for freedom. The marchers had nearly reached Derry, but on the outskirts of the city there was an unwelcome surprise. This event was known as Bloody Sunday... In 1914, Irish MP's had persuaded the British government to grant Home Rule; this meant that the Irish could have their own parliament in Dublin. The Irish were going to accept this but they also had to swear loyalty to the British king. This agreement was ok but when the first world war started the agreement was delayed. This made Michael Collins angry; he wanted Ireland as a republic, he wanted Ireland to be free from British control forever. Collins had waited long enough- he was about to take part in an event which many people would consider to be a turning point in Irish history. Collins had a plan to 'capture' a few important buildings in Dublin, a small group of extremist rebels managed to do this. The people in Dublin thought the rebels were crazy; nobody supported their rising. ...read more.

Middle

In the catholic bogside area of Londonderry the people began to fear the 'Londonderry Apprentice Boy's' march: the route of the march took the marchers directly through the bogside area of Derry. The Catholics that lived there could no longer trust the police to protect them so they built a barricade- they were worried for there own safety. When the day came, the parade itself was very peaceful, but soon after the parade the protestants and Catholics began to bombard each other with missiles. The protestants began to throw pennies at the Catholic. This triggered a riot (throwing pennies was a traditional insult). The police then moved in, they began to dismantle the barricade, the police said that they did this to get into a better position to stop the two mobs. The Catholics said that this was a combined attack from the police and the protestants. This area became on of the first no-go areas as the police could not enter it. By 1971 there were regular shootings and fights between the I.R.A (Irish republican army) and the U.V.F (Ulster voluntary force). The British army was planning to use more force and take tougher action against the I.R.A in an attempt to stop the regular shootings and fights etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

The soldiers had said that they were looking for targets, the major had told the soldiers that there were gunmen and nail bombers on the barricade but one of the civilians swore that there were no gunmen there. The British troops were told not to take part in a running battle which is exactly what happened. "Chaos" 'a breech of discipline'. This was the remark of the platoon sergeant. The major of the regiment denied this and said " a job well done". This was clearly not true as recent evidence shows that a boy was shot down while running away with his hands in the air. Horrible scenes, innocent civilians saw their best friends being mowed down by machine gun bullets. 'You could see all the bullets ricocheting off the walls and the road' said a local citizen. Nothing good came out of Bloody Sunday, just bitterness and anger. The soldiers who participated in this dreadful event were not prosecuted. This justified the unjustifiable. Since this event, Ireland have come close to peace in many occasions. 'Peace is so close, yet so far away'. All of this death and destruction from just one shot. The saville enquiry by Tony Blair will be published on may 2005 to establish the truth. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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