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'Bloody Sunday' 30 January 1972 - source related study.

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Introduction

Coursework 'Bloody Sunday' 30 January 1972 1. Sources A, B and C are useful to an extent to somebody trying to find out the truth about the situation in Northern Ireland in January 1972 before Bloody Sunday. Sources A and B show the attitude the British had towards the Irish before Bloody Sunday. Source A is a cartoon showing how the British perceive the Irish people. The cartoon shows 'The Irish Frankenstein' which is a picture of an Irishman looking like a monster. He has a dagger, dripping with blood in his hand. This implies that some British thought that the Irish were prepared to use violence and even kill. In the background there is an Englishman looking shocked at the hideous Irishman. Compared to 'The Irish Frankenstein' the Englishman is portrayed as a civilized gentleman. The source was drawn in 1882 and so is useful if someone wanted to know that there was hostility a long time before Bloody Sunday occurred. At this time Home Rule and the rise of Unionism was happening. After the Famine more Irish became Nationalists and began to demand Home Rule. ...read more.

Middle

In the background there are some more soldiers putting up gallows as if they were going to hang the innocent looking woman. It is trying to show the harsh treatment of the British Army and that they victimized innocent people as well like the woman in the cartoon. The source shows that the Irish felt that the British Army treated them unfairly. The source was drawn in 1780 and shows the long-term feelings between the two countries. At this time the Irish did have strong feelings towards the British because of Oliver Cromwell. The sources on the other hand do have their limitations. Source A is not useful to someone who wanted to know the short term causes of Bloody Sunday or if you wanted to know the short term attitudes of the British towards the Irish or the Irish towards the British. The source doesn't show that the tension was very high just before the march because the march was first banned because NICRA knew there might be violence if it did go ahead. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was because after Bloody Sunday organizations such as the IRA started to bomb places in England. Source C also has limitations due to the date it was produced. With it being drawn in 1780 it is also not so useful to learn about the situation before and during Bloody Sunday. It shows that there were bad feelings towards the British Army in 1780 but not why the Army was sent to Northern Ireland just before the event. The Army was sent onto the streets of Belfast and Derry to stop clashes between Catholics and Protestants and to restore law and order in Northern Ireland. This was after the Burntollet Bridge march, which got out of hand and violent, and because the RUC could not control the march the Army were sent in. Overall the sources are useful to someone that wanted to learn about the long-term attitudes towards the Irish and the British Army before and after Bloody Sunday took place. On the other hand they are not useful to someone that wanted to learn about the short term causes for what happened on Bloody Sunday and what the situations were between the different religions and the Army. Lucy Skinner 11z - 1 - ...read more.

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