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Bloody Sunday

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  • Essay length: 2570 words
  • Submitted: 11/07/2002
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GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941

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Bloody Sunday was an event that occurred, due to workers and peasants, not being treated fairly. On 22nd January 1905, workers and peasants, joined a demonstration, led by Father Gapon, in order to present the Tsar with a petition requesting changes to their working conditions and pay. At some point, soldiers opened fire, killing many demonstrators. Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto, so that he could get the vote of the majority of the population. In the Manifesto the Tsar guaranteed people certain freedoms such as speech, conscience and assemble. He also promised a new parliament (the Duma), which was to be elected by the people. The Duma would advise Nicholas II and approve all new laws. The Tsar also promised that individuals could not be imprisoned without a trial and trade unions became legalised. The Dumas were not very successful, as the Tsar dissolved them. In 1906, the duma demanded more power and rights for ordinary people, he rejected these demands and dissolved it. The second duma, in 1907 demanded more land to be given to the peasants. Many squabbles broke out within the duma. The third duma lasted for five years, from 1907 to 1912. This duma was

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