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Bloody Sunday - source based work

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Introduction

Bloody Sunday Coursework Q1. Source A shows a picture of the catholic civil rights marchers. This source shows that there were people marching on the 30th January 1972 so they were therefore involved in the march but the source does not tell us why they were marching. The source also shows the civil rights marchers are marching peacefully and there is no sign of trouble amongst them. Source B is an article from a British newspaper. Although the newspaper is British, it supports the Catholics, by saying that the protestant councils have discriminated against the Catholics, One reason is that the Protestants had been put in better houses than the Catholics and they both had to pay the same amount of rent. The fact that the British newspapers were supporting the Catholics could suggest that this is a reliable and unbiased source! This could be one of the reasons the Catholics were marching, it could be another reason alongside interment. Source C is probably an unbiased source because it is part of what a historian says about 'Bloody Sunday'; most historians look for the truth. This source does not say why the civil rights marchers were marching, but is still a very useful source because it tells us where the march originated. ...read more.

Middle

A reporter working for the Daily Telegraph who was there at the scene of the shooting wrote source H. It is not a biased piece of information, nor is it unbiased. He explains that there were many people lying prone on the ground and it was impossible to tell who actually shot fist. This indicates he didn't take sides. Source I is from a Catholic Priest and is very pro-Catholic. Even though he is a priest, this source is probably biased, as it is a Catholic priest supporting the Catholic community. He says the army was the army was to blame for the 'massacre' and he also says that he saw none of the civil rights marchers shooting at the troops. He says that the army shot without choosing targets, which could be true because in source F, the British Government suggested that some soldiers may have been reckless. Source J, is written by a reporter from the Guardian, a British newspaper. This source is possibly an unbiased one because he is a British reporter supporting the Irish. His report sounds a little contradictory. He says that the IRA did not fire first, but says that one shot was fired into the air! He goes onto say that even if they did, it did not justify the unwarranted retaliation by the soldiers. ...read more.

Conclusion

To be able to say there was a massacre, you would have to know what the word really means, and even if you did, it is still a very harsh word to use. In the English dictionary massacre means to kill indiscriminately or large-scale killing. Even the sources against the army don't show signs of a massacre apart from source I. Seeing as source I says that there was a true, full out massacre, this source could be biased as it is the only source mentioning a massacre. Source k, shown on TV, does show a lot of shooting by the army and quite a few people being killed, but I don't that this constitutes a massacre! Te majority of sources suggest that the army was to blame for Bloody Sunday. Some of the sources supporting the Irish were of British origin - e.g. British newspapers, but there were not any Irish sources supporting the army. This suggests that the army was to blame, but from the sources and from what I already know about 'Bloody Sunday', I do not believe the Irish in the civil rights march were slaughtered because there is not enough evidence to support that it happened. I also do not think that there was enough evidence to suggest who started the shooting either. It is possible that the army were killing the IRA in order to prevent any other killings by the IRA. ...read more.

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