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Bloody Sunday Sources Questions

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Introduction

Mark Walker 10sws Coursework Assignment: "Bloody Sunday" 30 January 1972 1. Sources A to C are not very useful to somebody that wants to find out the truth about the situation in Northern Ireland in January 1872 before "Bloody Sunday". This is because they are all drawn by either an Irish or an English person. For example, source A must have been drawn by an English man because it shows a well dressed man - English and a giant man - Irish who looks like a peasant, holding a knife at the English man. This drawing is titled "The Irish Frankenstein" and because the English hated the Irish at the time so the Irish man is shown in an evil and dominating way. Also if this cartoon was shown to English people at the time then they would have believed it and this could be a factor in the reasons that cause the English hate for the Irish. Source B is an advertisement for a film; it is called "The Ultimate in Psychopathic Horror the Irish". Under this title there are the names of several Irish terrorist organisations - IRA, INLA, UDF, UDA, etc. Because of this biased view against the Irish and English person must also have drawn this as once again it shows the Irish as being very evil and bad people. ...read more.

Middle

The reporter doesn't only say that the English opened fire first, he says that they opened fire on the crowds of innocent people. As the reporter's comments are blaming his own country for the problems on "Bloody Sunday" this article has to be a very reliable piece of evidence. However it is possible that the reporter doesn't agree with what the British Army were doing in Northern Ireland, therefore has written the article in the IRA's favour and doesn't like the British Government. 4. Sources G and H give different interpretations of the actions of the British Army on "Bloody Sunday". Source G say that all soldiers that spotted armed gunmen shot them in accordance with the standing order in the Yellow Card and that each soldier had to judge whether or not he had seen a gunman. He also says that there were some soldiers that fired at lots of people and some that didn't fire many times at all. Source G was from the Widgery Report, a special investigation ordered by the British Government after "Bloody Sunday" On the other hand, source H says that the army shot without thinking of what they were doing. They shot innocent people, even if they were part of a parade that had been banned but that didn't justify the firing of live rounds indiscriminately. ...read more.

Conclusion

It says, "At one end of the scale, some soldiers showed a high degree of responsibility: at the other, firing bordered on reckless". This means that some soldiers were responsible about what they shot and some just shot anything. However Sources C, E and H are written by Catholics and blaming Protestants. Source C is a picture of English soldier's interrogation innocent Irish people. The English are shown this way because it shows them as bullies to the Irish and this would cause more Irish people to hat the English Protestants. Source E is an eyewitness account made by Father Bradley, a Catholic priest. He says that "Bloody Sunday" was a massacre. He says that he saw nobody shooting at the English soldiers but they just kept shooting indiscriminately. Finally Source H includes comments made by the Londonderry City Coroner, at the inquest into the 13 deaths. It says that the British Army was shooting innocent people in the parade. But even though the parade was banned the Coroner didn't feel that the shooting was justified. In conclusion I think that these sources can be used as evidence to find out the truth about what happened on Bloody Sunday if they are all used together. If analysed separately then they can be used to find out what the relationship between the Catholics and Protestants was like, and what they thought of each other. ...read more.

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