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Bombing the japs -Hiroshima and nagasaki

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In August 1945 Atomic Bombs Were Dropped On Hiroshima And Nagasaki. Why Did The Americans Decide To Carry Out These Attacks? On 7th December 1941 the Japanese made a pre-emptive strike on Pearl Harbour, where they caught the Americans off guard inflicting many casualties. This caused in America declaring war on Japan on 8th December 1941. The Japanese were being pushed back in 1943 and 1944 but Allied casualties were too high due to the attitude of the Japanese. This resulted in President Truman deciding to drop two atomic bombs, on Hiroshima on 6th August 1941, and on Nagasaki on 9th August 1941. In Hiroshima 130,000 and in Nagasaki 66,000 were found dead from the devastating affect of the atomic bomb leaving the city in ruins? Truman wanted to drop the bomb simply to bring an end to the war as quickly as possible due to the vast amount of bloodshed done already to both sides. At the same time he wanted to end the war without mass casualties to either side. But of coarse his priority was the American army and navy due to the fanatic bravery the Japanese fought. Truman found that the only way to end the war was by an invasion of Japan itself, which would only result in mass bloodshed for both sides. So Truman dropped the bomb to scare the Japanese into surrendering, which would end the war quickly and prevent mass casualties. The attitude of the Japanese was simply bizarre as they would not surrender in any circumstances including the civilians. ...read more.


Truman knew that by this atomic bomb it would send a political message to the world especially Stalin, who were in the brink of becoming a superpower and it was a threat because they knew they hadn't forgotten about USA and Britain invading Russia in 1919-20 after the Bolshevik revolution. Everything that America stood for was the total opposite of what Stalin stood for as well. This idea is suggested, 'The purpose of the bombing was to frighten other countries, above all the Soviet Union' (By V. Narks). The main aim over the atomic bomb was to strengthen the US diplomatic position with the USSR in negotiations over post war Europe with Russia and would 'redress the balance with the Russians' (Lord Alan Brooke's diary) Truman knew after the atomic bomb all other countries would have this weapon hanging over their heads in negotiations with America. One conflict was that Stalin wanted to extend the western frontier of Poland along the river Odder to where it joined the Western Neisse; Roosevelt, Eden and Truman had insisted it should stop at the Easter Neisse. Soon the Soviet dominated the government and pressed forward not to Easter Neisse but Western Neisse. America was keen to show they didn't want Communism to spread worldwide as it involved dictatorship, few rights, no free elections, and state run economy. 'Top American officials calculated the atomic bomb would enormously strengthen the US diplomatic position visa-via the Soviet Union in negotiations over post war Europe. ...read more.


General Eisenhower said 'Japan was at the very moment seeking some way to surrender with a minimum loss of 'face'...It wasn't necessary to hit them with that awful thing.' It could be said the America didn't need to drop the bomb as on 10 March 1945, 345 B-29 bombers made raids of continuous bombing, which tore through wooden houses in Tokyo as 15 square miles were burnt in 6 hours and 168,000 people died. The justification of testing the bomb perhaps isn't really the reason as America wouldn't want to test a bomb, which would as a result kill hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians, and infect them with radiation. They could have tested it on a small Japanese island, perhaps on the edge of it. America could also have wanted revenge but I feel that the pressure was on the Soviets as tension was building up between them. This would be the justification for the use of the atomic bomb as the second bomb dropped on Nagasaki had a more devastating effect, which was meant to scare the USSR. America's real concern was Russia who was on the brink of becoming a super power and America didn't want it's communism to spread, which was Stalin's aim. It would be hard to control Stalin over the issues of post war Europe and could be controlled if America showed them the devastating effect of the atomic bomb, which would be used if they didn't tolerate. The atomic bomb, which was meant to scare Russia, instead marked the start of the Cold War, which consisted of things such as a nuclear arms race. Kashif hussain 1 ...read more.

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