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Brief History of Education

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Introduction

Brief History of Education "Primary and secondary education, for the most part underfunded, poorly organized, and inefficient, became more standardized, better organized and properly funded" (Overview 1). The turning point of education in the 1940's has to do with World War II going on and preventing soldiers from going to school, women giving their time to go to college to take the jobs that men left available, and laws the Supreme Court had enacted for schools teaching. Women, young, . Not only were the Adults in school affected by the transitions in education but the younger students as well. President, harry S. Truman also contributed by signing a bill that allows the American citizens involvement in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization or known as the UNESCO. "UNESCO's educational efforts in developing countries are curtailes due to the growing Cold War" (Important 2). Some schools in the 1940s did not have adequate facilities. Schools used candles for light and they used a fireplace which burned in a big potbelly stove for warmth instead of electricity or heating and air conditioning. "Some schools were lit with wood and coal for heat and electric lights barely used. In the newer schools, like town or city schools, electric lights and a big furnace existed" (Schulhauser 1). ...read more.

Middle

It also paid for years of college tuitions and low business loans. Many teens that joined the armed forces and fought World War II came back as adults and went straight to college. The GI Bill encouraged millions of men to educate themselves so that they would be able to get good jobs and be able to support a family. The GI Bill increased the percentage of Americans attending college increased in 1940. "109,000 men and 77,000 women graduated from college with a B.A. degrees. By 1949, that number almost tripled to 328,000 men, and 103,000 women." (America 654) The nation thanked them for their support in the war by paying for their college fees. When the war veterans went to college, the Veterans Administration, or V.A., paid their tuition which amounted to about $500 a year, plus books, fees, and a small amount of an allowance for living. "Veterans made up 49 percent of U.S. college enrollment in 1947" (The GI Bill 1). That is 7.8 million veterans who trained in colleges. After the War was over, the soldiers were happy to see their loved ones again which resulted in the Baby Boom. World War II really opened available positions in the work force to women when men were drafted in the military. ...read more.

Conclusion

Teacher's wages ranged at around $500 a year. "In March, Minneapolis teachers strike for twenty-seven days, demanding salary increases" (Important 2) In June of 1940 the Supreme Court makes a law that any student who does not sing or salute the flag would be expelled. "In September, the University of Maryland alters its curricular requirements, making courses in American history mandatory." (Important 1). As a result many teachers were informed what standards were to be taught in English, Math, Science, and History classes. The shift in Education has become a variation of ideas and new strategies. The appearances of classrooms were not that terrific in southern parts of the country. Students had followed basic structures toward teachers. The GI Bill helped veterans pay most of their expenses for college after the war. World War II forced many men from college to join the war and sent women to Universities so they can take men's positions in the work force. African Americans Fight for education really paid off as you see students, like G.W. McLaurin, attend college. The wars going on in the United States kept men from attending college. Laws being made were mostly about allowing African Americans to attend college, allowed women to work, and on its way to become more standardized in all schools. Schools were steadily increasing and becoming industrialized as the Baby Boom had its effects. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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