• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britain in The Age of Total War 1939-45

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Britain in the Age of Total War 1939-45 Helena Gardner Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 - 1941? When France surrendered to the Nazis on 22nd June 1940, Britain was left vulnerable to a Nazi invasion. When Britain did not surrender as France had, Hitler decided to launch Operation Sealion, which was the invasion of Britain. The Germans initially attacked ships, but successful RAF attacks on German ships demonstrated that the RAF had to be destroyed before Operation Sealion could go ahead. This was the Battle of Britain, which was fought in British airspace between the RAF and the Luftwaffe. Eventually Britain won after nearly two months of hard fighting, due to the distance that the German fighters had to travel, radar technology, and the superior Spitfire and Hurricane aircraft. The Nazis decided to call off Operation Sealion on 7th September 1940, and try a different tactic: heavy bombing of major British cities, such as London, Birmingham, Coventry and Bristol. ...read more.

Middle

Overall, Hitler hoped that bombing major cities, he could destroy the British ability to wage war, through reducing industrial output and by crushing civilian morale, thus forcing the government to surrender. 415 words Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain The Blitz was part of 'total war' - that is, everyone, whether civilian or soldier, man or woman, adult or child was affected. Never before had women and children been affected to such a great extent by war. Each night, hundreds of tonnes of bombs would be dropped by the Luftwaffe on major cities, such as London, Portsmouth and Southampton. This meant that it was necessary for residents to seek shelter from the bombs. The Anderson shelter was dug into the back garden and the Morrison shelter fitted under a dining table and protected people from flying debris. Thousands of Londoners sheltered in the Underground, although 60% stayed in their own homes throughout the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

ARP wardens were employed to make sure that regulations such as the blackout were followed. The government believed that a large number of child deaths would lower morale, and so, between 1st and 4th of September 1939, 1.4m people, mostly children, were evacuated to the countryside. Never before had the classes mixed as they did during evacuation. Some found it impossible to adapt to this new way of living, and because no bombs fell on the cities, parents began to fetch their children home again. However, when the Blitz did begin, these children had to be re-evacuated, but even more refused to be evacuated than before - only 47% of London children were evacuated. This caused thousands of unnecessary mortalities throughout the Blitz. Overall, the Blitz caused more damage to houses than factories, due to a lack of precision bombing. This 'carpet bombing' affected the British public more than precision bombing ever could as families, homes, and basic services were lost, not just workplaces. 546 words ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY 1939?

    If Germany was allowed to become a powerful European state it would soon become a threat to the British Empire. The Sudetenland Crisis and the Failure of Appeasement What Happened: Hitler's actions 1. He wanted to unite the German speaking majority of the Sudetenland, part of Czechoslovakia, a democratic country 2.

  2. The Age Of Exploration And Discovery

    It wasn't until this war was won, in 1492, that Ferdinand and Isabella agreed to pay for Columbus's voyage. In May 1492, Columbus went to the port of Palos on Spain's south-western coast to prepare three ships for the voyage.

  1. Gallic war

    - Caesar then left to visit his other province. - Caesar, Commentaries, boasts about how his troops were so well trained; said they "could suggest to themselves what ought to be done" and he "... blotted out forever the name of the Nerviis".

  2. success of evacuation

    to find it self in a grubby semi slum as the other way around.' Form this I can learn that some evacuees were not put with the right families. This source implies the message that evacuation was a failure because some evacuees were not placed with the right families.

  1. In what ways were the lives of children on the home front affected by ...

    To conclude, to an extent I agree with Juliet Gardiner's interpretation because many people didn't realise that children were actually involved in the war and being affected in many ways. Good or bad they all had experiences of the war. Children were the victims of war whatever happened to them.

  2. What was the Contribution of Technology towards Winning the War for Britain?

    Despite they were successful, however, tanks are also known for their problems. One famous example is at the battle of Somme when 49 tanks were sent to fight. Only 32 were ready for conflict - 18 fought, 5 got stuck and 9 more broke down.

  1. How did the Cold War begin?

    (Quote 3;american rhetiric.com). Basically Truman divided the world into good called Liberalism and evil called communism and declared a confrontation with the USSR. This idea was apparently an anti-communist doctrine and to stop communist spreading. Truman had chosen to take advantage of European countries instead of sending troops to Europe to fight communism.

  2. Multicultural Britain

    However, even though they support the statement it does not show that it is true. These sources being source A, source B, source C and source D. They show how many black immigrants were discriminated against and how there was so much prejudice towards them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work