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BRITAIN IN THE AGE OF TOTAL WAR 1939 - 45 Coursework Assignment Janarthenan Singarajah Assignment 1 1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 - 41? The major cities of Britain were bombed by the Germans because Britain was alone in the war and Hitler thought it is easy to defeat Britain if they attack the major cities and destroy the RAF (Royal Air Force). In an act of revenge for attacking Berlin, Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to destroy the British cities. The retaliation by Hitler showed his people he was not afraid of the Britons and by bombing the cities, he was seen as more ruthless and more fearful. The other reason for the bombing of the cities was to destroy and disrupt the normal running of transport and industry. The German air force, the Luftwaffe, also tried to bomb gas-holders, power stations, railway lines and junctions. These were the things that were of importance to the British people, which they needed, in their daily lives. Other major cities such as Coventry, Plymouth and Liverpool were bombed as some were major industrial areas and others were major ports. Hitler also wanted to bomb industry to reduce the British capacity to fight the war. This night bombing of British cities become known as the 'Blitz'. ...read more.


Thousands of people suffered from sleep deprivation as bomb after bomb hit their cities. Small rural towns and villages were put under enormous strain, as local resources were unprepared and unable to cope with the sudden arrival of such vast numbers of people. Many of those who took in children from the cities were horrified at the state of the children, many of whom were dirty, underfed and suffering from scabies. The Blitz was a major black mark in the history of Britain. The Blitz even though was a bad thing to happen it brought up the Britons to come together and have the determination and courage to fight for their own country. This was called the 'Blitz Spirit'. The Blitz affected the Britons in many ways. The first major effect is the role of woman. Woman's took the place of men same as the First World War. Women were now involved in almost all jobs. Such as * Manufacturer/repair of cars and aircraft - nearly 37% of people in the job were woman. * Fire Service - nearly 41% were woman. * Chemicals and explosives - about 50% were woman. * Farming - around 25% were woman. * Banking and insurance - about 65% was woman. * National Government Service - around 55% were woman. ...read more.


was a large favourite. He was a British traitor in Germany who broadcasted to Britain to try to demoralise the people. It did not work though. The British people found the broadcasts funny. They believed the BBC and Winston Churchill over Joyce. Anybody who seemed as if they would broadcast material that would demoralise the public was banned. J.B. Priestley was one such person. He became too political so he was banned as the government feared people would become demoralised. The effect radio had on people's morale was the main factor that kept the country together. All these programmes and features kept up people's spirit and made them believe that everything was not that bad. It helped build the Blitz Spirit. The radio did not only have propaganda films. There were many propaganda songs. Vera Lynn became known as the forces sweetheart and she often performed songs. A good example of the governments propaganda are the films such as 'Heart of Britain,' 'Listen to Britain and 'A Diary for Timothy' produced by Humphrey Jennings. He produced many films for the government, advising people on how to go about carrying out all the regulations, but he also made many films to inspire the people and boost their morale. For example 'Heart of Britain' is meant to boost morale because it shows people not intimidated by Hitler and getting on with their lives and managing to have a good time and how every one aside from their normal jobs have separate jobs helping the country. ...read more.

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