• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britain In The Second World War - source related questions and answers

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assignment: Model A2: Britain In The Second World War Which Source is more useful as evidence about the start of the children's evacuation journey? Explain your answer using Sources B and C and knowledge from your studies. Source B is a photograph of children, carrying their luggage, towards the train station in September 1939, the point of which evacuation began. The purpose of the photo is most likely persuasive propaganda, used to show parents that this is what they should be emulating with their own children. Evidence for this is that most of the children are waving at the camera and therefore have noticed it. This could be because they have been told to wave, as a pre planned photo or the camera amazes them. However, from previous studies, children were scared and often petrified, due to moving away from their parents for the first time. So to look that excited would be most likely very uncommon, therefore the utility may be unsatisfactory for the purpose. Another contributing factor to it being a piece of propaganda is that the person taking the picture is up high and wishes to take a picture of a large group. Therefore, he is trying to obtain the best picture possible, most conceivably for a newspaper. All these factors would affect the utility of the source, as the source may not be reliable due to it being bias and therefore would not help a historian understand the subject or era any better. ...read more.

Middle

Nevertheless, when understanding and considering the word Novel, it is assumed that the story may stray away from the facts, as to accumulate more readers. However, it is moreover understood that the book is there for the younger generation to understand and conceive what it would be like to be in that situation. The book would not meander away from the true heart and emotions of the true story of evacuation. On the other hand, the story is written by only one woman and therefore the source is only looking at evacuation from one perspective. Another factor affecting the reliability is that she wrote the book in 1973, 34 years since she had been evacuated. Emotions and facts could have become vague over that long period and the way she wrote could have reflected the sorrowful or morose experiences during evacuation. The context of the source can also indicate whether the source is reliable. From previous studies, it is known that there was tension between different social classes. The host families commonly thought that the children arriving were poor, as can be seen from the line, 'Oh, I'm sorry, how silly of me, why should you have slippers.' In conclusion, the source is an extract from a Novel, written to explain the joys and adventure of evacuation and the tension and sadness that evolved around it. Moreover, it was written to educate children on evacuation and what it was like, developed into a heart warming story. Nina Bawden most likely wished to write the book to explain her emotions and attitudes towards evacuation and due to herself experiencing these emotions the source would seem reliable. ...read more.

Conclusion

This helped to bring Britain through, with a united front, boosting moral, which supports that evacuation was a success. However, from Source H, a desperate appeal has been sent out, urging Scottish people to foster children in 1940, a year after the first evacuations began. This is most likely the fault of the Government, miscalculating the number of willing families to the number of people needed to be evacuated. This could also be due to slow communication and organisation of transporting evacuees, not knowing which houses would be willing. This is a major factor in the question of whether evacuation was a success. In conclusion, the main aim of evacuation, transporting people away from danger occurred. It also happened efficiently and in doing so many lives were saved. From that perspective evacuation would seem a complete success. However, the downside to evacuation was the critical consequences. The conflicting and contrasting attitudes and social classes created problems. As rumours of the 'lower' class evacuees nuisances began to take off people in the country became hostile to evacuees. However, this tended to be uncommon and once this settled a greater community spirit began to develop, changing the lives of those in the country and most importantly the evacuees. This generation of inner city children were brought up much better than they could have been in their previous home. They were all better educated and better fed. This also caused the hierarchical social extremes to deteriorate and due to being in the same situation such as rationing, Britain became united against a common enemy. Therefore, I conclude that I agree that evacuation was a success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation during WWII - source based questions.

    Therefore this source is a secondary source due to the fact that it was told many years after the event. Source C describes the emotions of the children, teachers and mothers. The emotions in this source are much to what is expected in Source B; Source C describes the children

  2. Explain the importance of the battle of Britain as a turning point of the ...

    Operation Overlord was a massive turning point in World War Two, it was the first real attack that was organised by the two main Western Allies (England and America), it applied a lot of pressure on Hitler in a short time which Stalingrad didn't do ( Stalingrad applied pressure more

  1. In what ways were people's lives affected by evacuation during the second world war?

    The children didn't even know where they were being taken to. All the evacuees were given name labels and cardboard boxes to carry their gas masks in. Also because they had to carry their luggage around with them they would usually be wearing a lot of clothes and their coats so their suitcases would be lighter.

  2. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    own experiences, it is going to be more exciting than a normal evacuee's story, so the content about evacuation could be exaggerated, and the novel is more focused on the adventures of the evacuees than the process of evacuation. This makes the source unreliable as its purpose was not to

  1. The writer of Source I believed that Bletchley Park had a very great impact ...

    During the day he pretended to go to golf, but late at night he snuck back to his fleet and destroyed the Italian fleet without loss. This shows that the information Bletchley Park provided was very useful, but it required the military to act upon the information given to them if it was the information was to be used successfully.

  2. British Evacuation in World War II

    Evacuation greatly reduced this problem. With evacuation in place, people in the countryside had yet another way of helping out with the overall war effort. Evacuation made them feel good about themselves as they took in evacuees which in turn raised their morale. Keeping children safe was the main reason for evacuation but the morale

  1. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    The children laughed about this afterwards. One attitude of this source is that there was often a lot of confusion between evacuees and foster parents which is arguably one of the failures of evacuation. From my own knowledge I know that there was sometimes confusion and lack of communication.

  2. How much impact did war have on social attitudes, 1939-1950 in Britain?

    Another way that the war had an impact on social attitudes, was through the changed outlook towards the British government. Before world war two had begun, each family and individual was merely responsible for themself. However due to the severity of the second world war, the British government was required

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work