• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britiain in the age of total war.

Extracts from this document...


HISTORY COURSEWORK BRITAIN IN THE AGE OF TOTAL WAR 2.) During the Blitz, the people of Britain were greatly affected. Jobs were affected, and unemployment occurred through the destruction. 40, 000 people were killed, and many more injured. Children were evacuated, separating families, and friends. Also, "reception families" had to receive new children into their homes. With all of the destruction, and death, there was also a great amount of fear among the people. This had two very different effects. Some lost their morale, but others rallied in the face of adversity, with the so-called "Blitz Spirit". Sources B, and C are both photographs from the time of the bombing. Source B shows a photograph of Civil Defence workers putting bodies in sacks, after Catford Girls School, in London was hit by bombs, in the middle of what seems to be a residential area. The photograph is dated 21st January 1943, the day after the air raid. However, the censors banned the photo. This primarily shows that the government did not want to damage morale. This photo would have been very shocking, and damaging to morale, to see the bodies of innocents, and children in sacks. ...read more.


4.) The height of the Blitz was around the autumn of 1940. There was intensive aerial bombing, and civilians, and cities were destroyed. Source E describes the "Exodus" from the East End, which was "growing rapidly". It also says that "taxi drivers report taking group after group to Euston and Paddington with belongings". The source also says that "when the siren goes, people run madly for shelters", and describes "mothers and young children" as "asking to be removed from the district". This source therefore tells us that people were becoming hysterical, and were fleeing from London. This on its own does not wholly explain why the government was so concerned about morale. Source F describes the East End as having "much bitterness", so much so that the "King and Queen were booed...when they visited destroyed areas." From this, we can see that morale was low, and people were bitter against the war, and the government would not have wanted the people to be booing the King and Queen. These two sources, however still do not really tell us why the government was so concerned about morale. However, Source G makes a link between morale, and the exodus of people from London. ...read more.


This seems a far more united picture, that men and women continued production, so that "the country's economic life could continue and the planes, tanks, armaments" would "roll off the assembly lines". Source A also challenges the fact that there was a lack of courage. It says that the British people were "heroes", who had "courage and unshakeable determination" even in "the most appalling circumstances". This is backed up by source B, which shows the voluntary services working together, having to put bodies in sacking. This would have been an appalling thing to have to do, but the voluntary services worked together to sort out the mess caused by the bombing. Source C, shows people all smiling together. Questions can be asked about its reliability, as it appears to be a posed photograph, but these people in the photograph were prepared to smile for the cameras, which gives an image of unity, and "British grit" against the bombing. Overall, it is apparent that during the Blitz, there was a great deal of hysteria, fear, and bitterness among people. This led to flights of entire communities. However, these people continued to work, and sort out the mess caused by the bombings. Not all, but many people showed unity through this, and courage and determination in the most appalling circumstances. David Seckington ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. The Blitz - questions and answers

    Instead of mentioning the devastation and commotion, the government wanted people to see how everyone was staying untied during the horrific Nazi attacks. The British government wanted to send inspiration out to others of these courageous act and hope that these stories would give others hope to continue.

  2. Britain in the Age of Total War

    According to the British government due to their label of "sorting personal property", the civilians in Source D survived the bombing, their homes were destroyed but they still went about with their normal lives worrying about personal processions instead of trekking to the countryside.


    The British people were all cheerful in the face of adversity. German bombers often made mistakes and dropped bombs in wrong places. But when they did hit their targets there were fires and disaster to come along with it. On the 13th September 1940, Buckingham palace was hit by the explosive dropped by the German air force.

  2. Sourcework - The impression that the British faced the Blitz with courage and unity ...

    Study Sources E, F and G, and use your own knowledge. Use sources E, F and G, and your own knowledge, to explain why the government was concerned about the morale (spirit and attitude) of the British people in the autumn of 1940?

  1. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45. What can you learn from Source ...

    This helped the government as it showed that both rich and poor were affected and were both supporting the war effort. Source B and D are useful to understand the effects of the bombing as I above mentioned that people from all walks of life were affected in the way that united the country but devastated families.

  2. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45.

    people up as the source explains that photographs to do anything with the war had to be approved of before it could be published. By banning the photographs showing dead people, bodies etc, I know that the government didn't want people worrying about the disasters that were happening.

  1. Britain in the age of total War - source related study

    We get this from the fact that there are so many body bags lying on the ground. If this photograph had been published, it would have had a very bad impact on the morale of the British public, because it shows what the war was doing to their country.

  2. Britain in the age of total war 1939-1945.

    'During raids on London last night some North London houses were bombed. Their houses were wrecked but the tenants of the buildings still showed the British grit'. This caption promotes the morale of the British people, who even though had lost their houses still had high spirits.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work