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British Foreign Policy 1895 – 1905.

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Introduction

BRITISH FOREIGN POLICY 1895 - 1905 Splendid isolation refers to a period in British Diplomacy when the British Government preferred a policy of isolation to an alliance or close diplomatic ties with other powers. It was considered to have lasted from 1895 - 1905. Britain strictly avoided any binding treaty obligations under Salisbury. He believed that so long as Britain supported right and justice, she would never find herself entirely alone. TIMELINE OF THE MAIN EVENTS: > 1881 - 1900 - European powers established control over most of the un-claimed parts of Africa. > 1881 - French declared a protectorate over Tunisia. > 1882 - Britain occupied Egypt > 1884 - Britain added Somaliland. The Germans took South West Africa and the Cameroon's. ...read more.

Middle

> 1895 - China was forced to agree to the Treaty of Shimonoseki. > 1895 - 6 - The Venezuela dispute was settled in Britain's favour. > 1896 - The Turks broke their promise and massacres of Christian Armenians occurred. > 1897 - 8 - British intervention in the war between Greece and Turkey. > 1898 - The Fashoda incident seemed likely to bring war between Britain and France. > 1899 - 1902 - The Boer war. There are a few reasons why Britain looked for allies after 1900. Where Britain had been in isolation all of the major European powers had allies. France was still very hostile to Britain and resented the British presence in Egypt and Sudan. ...read more.

Conclusion

Germany did not mind Russia being there because it kept them away from the Balkans were Germany's other allies might have clashed with Russia. In 1902 The Anglo - Japanese alliance was signed, because Japan was not going to allow Russia to control Manchuria and Korea. Both powers in the Far East were strengthened a lot. Russia continued to press which led to war between Japan and Russia in 1904-5. In 1904 the Anglo - French Entente Cordiale was signed. The French were aware and alarmed about the war between Japan and Russia and felt that if Russia looks upon them this would mean Britain would join in, leading to war between France and Britain. The agreement limited the Russo - Japanese war. The Entente was not a military alliance just friendly understanding to settle differences. Lisha Boothman 12 JS ...read more.

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