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British troops sent to Northern Ireland in 1969

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British troops sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 The most obvious reason we think of are that riots started to break out and the Northern Ireland police lost control, this was from the beginning, Catholics in Northern Ireland were a disadvantage minority in matters of employment, housing, education, cultural and political participation. In 1969, a civil rights movement emerged to protest against this discrimination, often provoking violent reactions within the Protestant community. The Catholics were greatly influenced by Dr Martin Luther King, and the American civil rights movements, which were going on at about the same time. Protestants also had fears, they would have to share the economy with the rest of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Church would interfere in the running of the country. ...read more.


The long term causes of the problems between the Catholics and the Protestants of Northern Ireland are rooted in the histories of England and Ireland. Since the 12th century and the invasion of HenryII in Ireland. Where English settlers were given land that belonged to conquered Irish. These settlers had more power and privileges then native Irish. From this time until the act of union until the 1800, England and Ireland were frequently at war with one another. Further confiscations of land took place by James 1st in 1601 and then by Oliver Cromwell in 1640's making the Irish very angry and anti-British. The religious side to the conflict started in 1543 when Henry 8th broke away from the pope and set up a new Church of England, but the Irish wished to remain Roman Catholic and didn't want to be forced to swear loyalty to Henry. ...read more.


For example, there were certain restrictions on the jobs that Roman Catholics could do under English law. The great famine in 1846 was to cause even more bitterness, after England failed to organise sufficient help to the starving. The Irish had had enough after this period of time two movements emerged. One wanted Ireland to become a republic completely separate from Britain and the other was formed seeking Northern Ireland being a part of Britain. The Irish had independence from the UK. They had their own political party and terrorist group and were willing to take their lives for it. The British government did, after the war give some independence, but not enough and civil war broke out, ending with a partition. ...read more.

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