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By 1912 different Irish groups were still fighting over the matter of home rule.

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By 1912 different Irish groups were still fighting over the matter of Home Rule. Unionists, lead by Edward Carson and James Craig, wanted to stay loyal to Britain and remain under British rule, they said that if Home Rule did come about, that Ulster should be treated separately. John Redmond, leader of the Irish Nationalists, wanted some power given to Ireland but they said that they would still remain loyal to Britain and the monarchy. Edward Carson was the speaker on the Unionist side. He set out to use Ulster to block Home Rule. Carson had become Unionist leader in 1910. In one way Carson was a strange choice to lead Ulstermen, because he was a Southern Unionist from Dublin and his home was in London. ...read more.


Even though the two men were different they both lead the Ulster Unionist stand against Home When the Third Home Rule was discussed in parliament, nearly every Unionist speaker raised the question of Ulster. They claimed that there were two different sets of people in Ireland. Not only were there two religions, there were two races or even two nations in the country. For the Unionists it followed that if Ireland was to be given Home Rule, then Ulster should also receive special treatment for Ulster, but to use Ulster opposition to force the Liberal government to drop Home Rule altogether. Fighting in World War 1 was important for Unionism because they wanted to show that they are loyal, In return, they expected the British government to allow most of Ulster to remain outside of the Home Rule arrangements for Ireland when the war was finally over. ...read more.


Eventually Kitcher gave way. He had hoped to gain a brigade (about 3,000 men) from Ulster, but Carson promised him a division (3 brigades). Caron kept his promise and so the 36th (Ulster) Division was created. When Unionists in Ulster learnt that the British were close to passing the Home Rule Bill, Carson and other leading Unionists realized that they had to do something to put pressure on Westminster. So they created the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) in 1913 and it wasn't long before Ireland and London realised that the UVF was a force to be reckoned with. They were well trained, by a former English General (Sir George Richardson), highly organised and very determined army. The British War Office saw them as a useful force to use in the war because they already had a type military training and they were well organised. ...read more.

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