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By what means did Hitler's government reduce unemployment?

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Introduction

By what means did Hitler's government reduce unemployment? The greatest economic problem facing Hitler was unemployment. In January 1933, the official total for unemployed was 5.7 million yet the Nazis had not produced any detailed plans on how they were going to deal with this problem. However when Hitler actually came to power the worst of the depression was over. Production was rising, world trade was increasing. This meant unemployment had already started to fall. Hitler planned to make it fall faster. He put Hjalmar Schact, president of the Reichsbank and the man who had 'cured' the 1923 inflation, in charge of the economy. This was part of the first four-year plan. ...read more.

Middle

However, the principal means of creating jobs was through conscription and re-armament. In March 1935 Hitler announced that all young men would have to do military service. In August 1936 conscription was increased to two years. Hitler never had any intention of keeping the German army limited to 100,000 as it had been since 1919. He planned to build up a powerful army, a modern air force and a larger navy. This meant that millions of Germans would be employed in the armed forces or the armaments industry. Unemployment in Germany had fallen from 6 million in 1932 to 4 million by early 1934. By 1936 it was down to 1 million. By 1939 Germany was short of 500,000 workers!!! ...read more.

Conclusion

When he came to power the unemployment figure stood at about 6 million, but as early as June 1935 it had dropped below 2 million, and by 1939 it had disappeared completely. How was this achieved you are probably asking yourself no government these days could do that. Well, the public works schemes provided thousands of extra jobs. A large party bureaucracy was set up now that the party was expanding so rapidly, and this provided thousands of extra office and admin. posts. There were purges of Jews and anti-Nazis from the civil service and from many other jobs connected with the law, education, journalism, broadcasting, the theatre and music, leaving large numbers of vacancies. Conscription was reintroduced in 1935. Re-armament was started in 1934 and gradually sped up. Thus Hitler had provided what the unemployment had been demanding in their marches in 1932: work and bread (Arbeit und brot.) ...read more.

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