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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Essay length: 1185 words

Cartoon Analysis - WW1

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Introduction

Cartoon Analysis + Treaty of Versailles Essay Compare and contrast the message conveyed in Source 1 and 2. Source A, "Der Tag!" and Source B, "Clemenceau the Vampire" are both political was cartoons remarking upon the Treaty of Versailles signed in 1919 by Germany and the Allies. "Clemenceau the Vampire," (Source B), is cartoon published in a German newspaper in July 1919, represents Germany as a striking country. This cartoon mainly shows the readers that the Beautiful Germany were attacked and damaged through the French leader Clemenceau's harsh punishments enforced into the peace terms. The opportunistic France is represented by the monstrous vampire sucking the life out of the Germany, depicted as the sleeping wondrous, young woman weak from war. The blood sucking is a representation of the French sucking Germany dry of resources through gains in the treaty such as the iron-ore rich Alsace-Lorraine. Also the bats outside the open window portray the two other nations Britain and America who are also ready to pounce onto Germany to gain there share of their "life blood." This is enforced by the open window suggesting the vulnerable sleeping woman is defenceless encouraging the other allies to attack onto them.

Middle

Conversely, the ways the messages are told about the treaty of Versailles are much more different than similar. "Clemenceau the Vampire," (Source B) depicts Germany as a attractive but weakened and vulnerable lady in the cartoon who is attacked by the French, led by the monstrous Clemenceau, who is sucking Germany dry of resources through reparations and loss of land. France in this cartoon has nothing in their mind but to make Germany suffer. A very different perspective and message has been told in "Der Tag!" (Source A), as it depicts Germany in a secure position (through the eyes of the Allies) so as a country, they struggle to cope with the oversized and harsh conditions of the peace terms given by the Allies. This is different to each of the cartoons, though similar in that they depict the Treaty of Versailles as harsh, portrays very different perspectives and sends completely dissimilar messages. Explain the purpose of Source A and Source B and comment on any bias in each. The purpose "Clemenceau the Vampire," (Source B) is to create further anger and animosity towards the harsh and unrealistic terms of dished out by the Treaty of Versailles, particularly from the French and their leader, Clemenceau.

Conclusion

was to ensure that Germany was being dealt with severely, and to keep British faith in the treaty. The fact that the allies have Germany in a strangle hold suggests that the purpose of the cartoon is to reassure and confirm to the British people that they are safe from the once ruthless and powerful Germany. Its purpose could also be to show that they were not only safe from Germany but Germany was being hammered, ensuring the safety of all the Allies and their empires from them. The cartoon is partial because of the fact that it was published in a London Newspaper over a month before the definite signing of the treaty and, through collection and oversight, has attempted to reassure and confirm to the British public that Germany is in a very difficult and vulnerable position. It may also be considered biased in terms of perspective as it makes light of a very distressing and damaging time for Germany, which, as displayed in the cartoon, does not worry the British at all. The cartoonist in Source B has also failed to take into account that, technically, Germany was not forced into signing the treaty; it was there call, however at there own peril, whether or not to accept it. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1

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