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Castro, Independent Participant or Soviet Pawn?

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Introduction

Internal Assessment Castro, Independent Participant or Soviet Pawn Key Participants: Fidel Castro (Cuba) Nikita Khrushchev (USSR) John F. Kennedy (United States of America) Plan of Investigation The Cuban Missile Crisis took place between the United States of America, Cuba and the Soviet Union in 1962, during the Cold War. The crisis became public knowledge when President John F. Kennedy appeared on a televised announcement to the American people, declaring that " large, long range, clearly offensive weapons of sudden mass destruction" had been stored in recently built missile storage installations on the island of Cuba. President Kennedy also stated that their suspicions indicate that these missiles had been placed there by the Soviet Union and that these were not regular stinger missiles but nuclear missiles and that the number of nuclear missiles was quickly growing. Were these missiles placed in Cuba under Soviet orders or had Castro requested their presence? Throughout this thesis I will present facts and details that will provide an answer to this lingering question. This is where the Cuban Missile Crisis begins. Summary of Evidence There is much controversy over the subject of whether Fidel Castro was in fact being manipulated by Soviet Union officials, such as Nikita Khrushchev. ...read more.

Middle

Soon after Castro gave his approval, the Soviet Union began construction on missile installations, but the constructions had to be kept 'low-key', because if the United States were to learn of their plans, they would be quick to react with lethal force in fear of war. On October 22nd, satellite reconnaissance photographs were presented to President John F. Kennedy of missile installations under construction in Cuba by the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union denied all allegations that the missile installations that were under construction in Cuba were being built under Soviet direction. President Kennedy responded to this announcement through a televised address to the United States by announcing that the construction of Soviet missile installations in Cuba had been brought to his attention and that any attack on the United States with the use of nuclear missiles would be seen as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States and would be responded to with lethal force upon the Soviet Union. President Kennedy proceeded from this televised announcement by imposing Naval quarantines around Cuba in an attempt to prevent any more weapons shipments from the Soviet Union reaching Cuba. This course of action was among a list of four other advisable ways to proceed, which were put forward by Kennedy's advisors. ...read more.

Conclusion

The reason for Castro's great faith in the Soviet Union was due to the fact that the Cuban economy had improved so much since its alliance with the Soviet Union, and had remained loyal for so long, Castro began to depend on the Soviet Union for any kind of support necessary, but this alliance did not come without a cost. The Soviet Union's main aim was to gain a position where it would be able to challenge its main rival, the United States. This being because the Soviet Union was governed with a communist regime, whereas the United States was governed by a capitalist regime. Also because both of these nations were in tough competition with each other, mainly concerning their "space race", and the development and testing of nuclear weapons. In response to President Kennedy's quarantine around Cuba, Nikita Khrushchev sent two letters to President Kennedy, both of which contained conflicting comments. The first letter contained a request on behalf of Cuba, that the missiles would be removed from Cuba if the United States did not attempt an invasion on Cuba. The second letter contained accusations against the United Stated for having similar missile installations stationed in Turkey, and then proposed that Russia would remove their missile installations from Cuba only if the USA did likewise in Turkey. History Internal Assessment Adam Searancke 1er- T IB ...read more.

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