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Castro's Cuban social revolution.

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Introduction

In 1959 Castro's July movement overthrew the Batista regime in a social revolution. The Cuban public supported such a revolution because of the decaying domestic conditions. Since Cuba's independence in 1901 the United States established rigid foreign controls. The foreign control spanned all aspects of life, including political, economic, and social facets leading the Cuban people to support drastic change in the form of a social revolution. Since Cuba's independence the USA had an overwhelming presence in the political forum by instating national policy, supporting certain candidates, and instating their own advisors to Cuba. With the Platt Amendment the United States stripped Cuba of its power to create foreign policy because any decision required US approval. According to Skidmore and Smith, the USA saw nothing contradictory in controlling Cuba even after its independence. Rather the USA justified such action by ethnocentrically doubting Cuba's ability to govern itself. ...read more.

Middle

By 1928 the USA controlled over 78% of Cuba's sugar industry. The USA's abidance to the Law of Comparative Advantage molded the economy to simultaneously profit the USA and drive Cuba into a cycle of dependency. In order to maintain trade with the US, Cuba was forced to sell their sugar cheaper then any other country. Because Cuba's monoculture was sugar, the country became dependent on the USA as their sole buyer since they had no other crop to export and was not self-sufficient. This dependency became clear with the global depression. When the USA established the Hawley-Smoot tariff, which basically doubled the price of sugar, Cuba's economy suffered. Futher, what money was made by the sugar industry was never returned to the people. The vast majority of the profit made was returned to US investors that owned nearly 80% of the industry and the remaining 20% profited the minute upper class, which would rather buy foreign goods then domestic ones. ...read more.

Conclusion

The foreign control even drove the standard of living to decrease. The economy was created to serve the USA and when cheap labor was imported from Jamaica (during World War I) to accommodate the US with even lower sugar prices the standard of living further decreased. Less Cubans were able to find work with immigrants settling for even lower wages. Just as in the economy if the sugar industry boomed the vast majority of the people saw no improvements, their degrading living conditions with no improvement in sight led them to support change via a social revolution. The United State's foreign control branched to all aspects of Cuba including political, economic, and social. The foreign control was used to shape Cuba into merely a profitable resource of the USA rather than an independent nation. Such foreign control cornered Cuba into a viscous cycle of dependency from which their only hope of improvement and freedom seemed to be a social revolution. ...read more.

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