• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Catholic discrimination in Northern Ireland in terms of Housing and Employment

Extracts from this document...


There has been a long history of violence, prejudice, and discrimination between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland, particularly highlighted throughout the 1960s, when Catholics were discriminated against by the Protestant Stormont Government in both employment and housing. Hence, in order to understand in what ways and how much it occurred, both these areas must be investigated. Firstly, one must look at how the Catholics were discriminated against in terms of employment, and to what extent this occurred. In the public sector, Catholics suffered great difficulties being employed, as there appears to have been some bias towards employing Protestants, especially in senior levels of the civil service. For example, in a report by the Cameron Commission in 1969, it is stated, "[As of October 1968] In County Fermanagh, no senior council posts, (and relatively few others) were held by Catholics" and according to the Sunday Times, in the same county, in 1961 "322 of the [370] posts, including the top ones, were filled with Protestants. This shows how during the 1960s, the Catholics in Fermanagh did not have many jobs at a high level in the public sector. ...read more.


This shows that even 20 years on, there was still a very large amount of discrimination happening in these private engineering firms. In addition, Paddy Devlin described a job at Mackies in his book "where his fellow workers threw nuts and bolts as well as abuse at him" just because he was Catholic. Although the book was set in the 1930s, it depicts the brutality of the company, showing how bigoted and discriminative it was then, and with no reason to change, how it still may have been in the 1960s. Additionally, R.G. Cooper, an employee in the engineering industry in the 1960s, declared that Catholic job applicants were "weeded out at an early stage" illustrating how much discrimination there was among these engineering companies. Overall, this shows that there was a large amount of discrimination by unionists towards Catholics in the private sector (on its own and in comparison to the public sector) in terms of hiring and retaining workers. This hence illustrates that they wanted Catholics to have a lesser opportunity in the working world. ...read more.


As well as being limited by the government, Catholics were also forced to move from Protestant areas by the people who lived there, sometimes violently. For example, B MacLaverty wrote in his novel "His father and he were the only Catholic family left in the whole estate. Fear had driven others out but his father would not move" This shows the extent of the discrimination; even local Protestants would try to remove a Catholic from a unionist district, illustrating how much bigotry and discrimination there was for the Catholics. Overall, this depicts how Protestants were given priority to houses and how Catholics were given no freedom to live where they wanted, both showing a significant amount of bigotry and discrimination. In the end, it is very clear that Catholics were discriminated against in a variety of different ways - in public employment, although even more so in the private sector by engineering firms. Protestants were also preferred to Catholics in terms of housing priority; however, the main discrimination in housing came from the lack of freedom in living within gerrymandered unionist districts. Overall, it is evident that that discrimination occurred to a large extent against Catholics. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

5 star(s)

This is an excellent response that is clearly written and uses evidence to offer precise support to the analysis. At times, there is an over reliance on specific examples and statistics were needed too but these may not have been widely available. 5 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 01/12/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. 'Across the Barricades' is a novel written by Joan Lingard.

    "Underneath was a rifle and several rounds of ammunition. Brian wanted Kevin to rebel against the Protestants and use the gun but Kevin had rejected his thoughts. Brian then hid the gun in Mr Kelly's scrapyard. Kevin is then blamed for the gun and so is fired.

  2. Causes of conflict in Northern Ireland.

    Irish to obtain weapons and uniforms to fight a civil war this also annoyed the southern Irish because they felt that they deserved the whole of Ireland and not just part of it, and because of all the hatred built up from this, this is also a main cause of

  1. Northern Ireland Essay

    to do this Northern Ireland would need to become part of it. This now occurred an issue in independence between the two sides. Whilst on the other side, there was England, which; now under the control of Queen Elizabeth I didn't want Northern Ireland to be its own country.

  2. The Guilt of the Protagnoist in 'Cal' by Bernard Maclaverty

    Coming from a minority myself means that I sympathise with Cal to a greater extent and, knowing what it is like to be excluded and to feel isolated, I saw Cal's joining of the IRA as an understandable, even justifiable action - not as an act of malice or prejudice, but as an act of desperation and hope.

  1. Why was Ireland Partitioned in 1921?

    This added to the reason why Ireland was partitioned because after the Penal Laws were introduced the Catholics began to rebel again. During the 1800's the main food source was the potato but in 1845 the potatoes became infected with a fungal disease which wiped out the crop and crippled

  2. bloody sunday assignment 1

    The Protestant minority remained in control throughout the 18th century. Presbyterians became allies with Catholics, by the 1780's, as they were not Anglicans themselves. They convinced the United Kingdom government to relax some of the penal laws as the Presbyterians were also treated like the Catholics.

  1. History Coursework: The continuing problems in Northern Ireland

    However, the consequences of the Easter Rising proved to reach much further into the Irish conflict than anyone could have imagined. The sympathy from the country, and indeed, the rest of the world, now lay mainly with Sinn Fein and the Nationalists, so that in 1919, when Sinn Fein declared

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    "We used to just wander around in pairs like policemen", says a corporal from the parachute regiment, also he says, "You drank twenty cups of tea a day because everybody wanted to give you a cup". Some soldiers who were sent to Northern Ireland called their time there the honeymoon

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work