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Causes for peace initiatives that haven't succeeded

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  • Essay length: 1850 words
  • Submitted: 13/01/2005
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GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85

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Question 3

There have been many peace initiatives that haven't succeeded due to the long term causes i.e. the centuries of conflict in Ireland. Therefore I am only going to look at the most recent reasons as to why the attempts for peace have all failed. The peace initiatives first came about after the period known as 'The Troubles' came prominent. These were sparked off by marches made by Catholics, which clashed with Protestants and escalated in violence. Things became so bad that in 1969 the British government made the decision to deploy its Army to act as a 'peace keeping force'. Eventually the situation became so dire that in 1972 Westminster imposed 'direct rule' upon Northern Ireland. Since then politicians have been constantly vying for peace with four main peace initiatives proposed, the 1973 power sharing Sunningdale Agreement, 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement, 1993 Downing Street Declaration and most recently the 1998 Good Friday Agreement. However, all of the aims of these 'Agreements' were not accomplished, all due to many factors.

One of the causes which sparked off the need for peace intiatives, marches and protests, came back to haunt the initiatives later on. Unionists refused some of

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