• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of conflict in Northern Ireland.

Extracts from this document...


Causes of conflict in Northern Ireland There are many causes of present conflict in Northern Ireland. In the 13th and 14th centuries England took control of Ireland and more specifically Dublin and the pale, we think that this was the first cause of conflict in Ireland which makes it a very important cause, however probably the main cause of conflict is that the British took full control of Ireland in the 16th century and actually occupying Ireland with British Protestant families, this obviously made the Irish Catholics very irritated, it was Elizabeth 1st and James 1st who sent the British army into Ireland. This is definitely a long term cause because it happened over seven hundred years ago. Because the Irish had British armies occupying Ireland for seven hundred years so of course the Irish Catholics hated the British, this again is also one of the most important causes because if the British had not been in Ireland there would be no conflict today. This is a long term cause. In the 1660's Oliver Cromwell massacred Irish Catholics at Drogheda - Wexford and the Irish would not just hate Oliver Cromwell but they would absolutely despise him, so this was an important cause of conflict because of the amount of Irish murdered and it is definitely a long term cause. The British who invaded Ireland were all Protestant after 1530 where as the Irish people were Catholics and this brings up many conflicts in Northern Ireland and because of the conflicting ...read more.


Many young Catholic republicans in Northern Ireland now joined the I.R.A. the 13 dead became martyrs. This greatly irritated the Catholics because they feel that 13 innocent people were killed and they wanted to get revenge on the British and so this caused conflict and so this was a very important cause of conflict especially seeing as many young people joined the IRA after Bloody Sunday to seek revenge. This is a short term cause of conflict in Northern Ireland. After the British army had killed the 13 Southern Catholic people the Nationalist Catholics changed their tactics to terrorism and to fight against the British army and security forces as well as protestant U.V.F and U.F.F. the I.R.A also decided to bomb England: e.g. * Birmingham pub bombing 1974 21 people killed * Guildford pub bombing 1975 7 people killed * Aldershot barracks 1972 7 people killed This angered the British greatly, the bombings brought terrorist violence to a high and so it is a very important cause. This is a short term cause of conflict in Northern Ireland. In the 1970's the British army tried to reduce the number of weapons in Ireland, the British army searched homes in Belfast and revealed a high number of explosives, rifles and grenade launchers. This is also a very important cause of conflict because more weapons is more likely to result in more violence, more injuries and more deaths. ...read more.


Catholics and Protestants did not want to mix there schools, shops and pubs for each religion so There was a dividing wall built in Belfast to keep opposing sectarian groups apart (It was a peace line). Since 1968 the wall has got ton bigger because people have been throwing petrol bombs and bricks, etc into enemy housing over the wall. Because of all the hatred in Belfast children have grown up in an atmosphere full of violence. In the 1980's two ladies from Northern Ireland started a Protestant-Catholic movement for peace with some success before it ended in the 1990's this was very unusual for Catholics and Protestants to work together. Peace talks continued and the IRA had another ceasefire. In 1972 the Northern Ireland Government at Stormont was closed and power was transferred to Westminster. In 1999 there was a new Northern Ireland government reinstated at Stormont again. There was also a release of terrorists due to the Good Friday Agreement. Even though there are a lot of things that have changed since 1968 there are still a lot of things which have stayed the same for example the Great British army is still in Northern Ireland, There is still hatred and distrust in Northern Ireland between the people, Great Britain still rules Northern Ireland, Catholics still want to be ruled from Dublin, Protestants still want to be part of the United Kingdom, Protestants are still in the minority, The IRA still have their weapons furthermore Catholics and Protestants still live in separate areas. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Conflict in Ireland

    The events of Bloody Sunday are still to this day undecided. The British Army have always said that they were fired upon first and say "When we're fired at, we must protect ourselves". This opposes the Marchers opinions that claimed that they were shot at first and only returned fire in response.

  2. What were the causes of the Easter Rising?

    But is reliable from the English point of view at the time. The daily express was one of the most important newspapers in Britain at the time. The Daily Express would reflect English opinion about casement, but also make the English hate him.

  1. Northern Ireland Conflict-Religion vs. PoliticsThe conflict in Northern Ireland is likely one of the ...

    These parliaments were charged with their own domestic affairs, but all foreign affairs and income tax collection remained in the hands of the British. Further resistance and guerilla warfare eventually led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921, which outlined the creation of the Irish Free State, now known as the Republic of Ireland.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Harold Wilson's Labor government had implemented the civil rights reforms. A new conservative government led by Edward Heath came into office in May of 1970, which had very close links with the unionist government in Northern Ireland. It decided that the answer to the Northern Ireland problem was not more reforms, but a more punitive military action.

  1. Why was the Battle of the Boyne an important event in Irish history? Why ...

    "A small minority - would use these events to be engaged in violence" The violence, greater still, distances Northern Ireland from a stable peace.

  2. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    With the medium victory of the Land War behind him, Parnell shifted his aims towards restoring the Irish Parliament, or Home-rule.

  1. Free essay

    troubles in northern ireland

    The Catholic priest is dressed smartly, he looks angry and in control of the situation. This source symbolizes the religious tension between Catholics and Protestants during that time period, giving the effect that Catholics have taken charge of all the churches.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    The Catholics were greatly angered by the government's treatment of the hunger strikers; this led to marches against the government. Many Nationalists felt that the hunger strikers were a humanitarian issue, that the actions of the British government were cruel and unreasonable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work