• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A crisis in Cuba developed after American spies discovered the USSR was supplying nuclear weapons to Cuba. This was not the beginning of a crisis in Cuba though. A crisis had been brewing gradually ever since the Russians had become involved in Cuba and had brought Cuba into the middle of Cold War relations. The crisis in Cuba was as a result of an increasingly tense arms race between the US and USSR and there was a huge tension after the events in Berlin. So the crisis did not start in '62 but it came to its pinnacle. This tension had been brewing ever since 1959 when Fidel Castro over threw the American backed dictator Batista. Castro was pro-Communist and therefore this was testing America's policy of containment. Castro took over all American based businesses and from 1960 he was receiving arms from the Soviet Union and American spies knew this. Cuba was important to America because it was an American ally. ...read more.

Middle

The invasion failed disastrously. Castro captured or killed them all within days. To Cuba and the Soviet Union the failed invasion suggested that the USA was unwilling to get directly involved in Cuba. The Soviet leader Khrushchev was scornful of Kennedy's pathetic attempt to oust Communism from Cuba. The build up in tension increased after the Bay of Pigs as it encouraged the spread of Communism. Khrushchev felt he could do more than what he did in Berlin, as he knew what kind of response he would get from Kennedy, and that had failed so it boosted Khrushchev's confidence in what he was doing. The Soviets flooded arms into Cuba. In May 1962 the Soviet Union announced publicly for the first time that it was supplying Cuba with arms, and by September Cuba had thousands of Soviet missiles and patrol boats, tanks, radar vans, missile erectors, jet bombers, jet fighters and 5000 Soviet technicians to help maintain the weapons. The USA did little to stop this build up of weapons, as they seemed ready to tolerate Cuba being supplied with conventional arms, but it was whether or not the Soviets would dare to put nuclear missiles on Cuba. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many conclusions could be derived from this such as maybe the USSR were planning an attack on the US. It was worrying because as it says in Robert Kennedy's book 13 days, "The photographs indicated that missiles were directed at certain cities. The estimate was that within a few minutes of their being fired 80 million Americans would be dead" This needed an immediate response from JFK because the USA was not expecting this to happen and it seemed as if the missiles were there to form an attack on the USA. The experts said that the most developed of the sites could be ready to launch missiles within 7 days, not leaving much time for JFK to take action. This pushed Cuba in to the middle of arms race fears and tensions as the USSRS missiles were now extremely close to the USA and a lot more threatening as the USSR had reassured they would not our nuclear missiles onto Cuba making it extremely suspicious, therefore increasing the tension. Why did a crisis develop in 1962 about Cuba? Louise Davidson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Khrushchev could also be trying to prove that he's a force to be reckoned with and he could possibly believe that he would be successful against the inexperienced Kennedy. Kennedy decided to appoint an executive commitee called EXCOM to aid him and give him advice which he felt would help

  2. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in Relations between the Superpowers?

    As before there is still the matter of 'the however factor', both the Soviets and Americans, still had the urge to beat each other in this technological race and prove their side to be more advanced. One could look at this in either one of two ways from my perspective.

  1. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a Success for Containment?

    So if he did this then Khrushchev would have a reason to fire at America and potentially destroy it. So this may work, but only if Kennedy did not make the blockade look to menacing. Do Nothing This was not really an option for Kennedy because if he did nothing

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Causes and Consequences

    At the U.N. General Assembly, Cuba replied that in the event of a U.S. invasion, Cuba "could have no other course than to accept this assistance with gratitude." On April 14 1961, US forces invaded Cuba in an event that has been come to be known as the 'Bay of Pigs' invasion.

  1. How important was the nuclear arms race in the development of tensions during the ...

    If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world.â The fact that the Truman Doctrine aided the two countries made it less likely they would have communist governments.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    and SALT II (1979) arms control agreements * 1972 the Basic Treaty established normal diplomatic relations between East and West Germany * 1972 Sea Bed Treaty banned nuclear weapons from the sea floor outside the territorial waters of each country * In 1972 there was a ceasefire in Veitnam (US believed it was thanks to pressure from Moscow)

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Between ?49 and ?61 4 million East Berliners fled to the West. Berlin was a gap in the Iron Curtain and the Soviet Union was keen to block this. Allies claimed that the West was used for espionage. East Germans fled because they were: 1.

  2. How far was the Cuban Missile Crisis the most important event during the period ...

    The Korean War links well to the Berlin wall. The common link is that there is a physical division that symbolises the division between democracy and communism. I think that this shows how communism was being fought against. However, the two events have many differences. Such as the why the divisions were there.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work