• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A crisis in Cuba developed after American spies discovered the USSR was supplying nuclear weapons to Cuba. This was not the beginning of a crisis in Cuba though. A crisis had been brewing gradually ever since the Russians had become involved in Cuba and had brought Cuba into the middle of Cold War relations. The crisis in Cuba was as a result of an increasingly tense arms race between the US and USSR and there was a huge tension after the events in Berlin. So the crisis did not start in '62 but it came to its pinnacle. This tension had been brewing ever since 1959 when Fidel Castro over threw the American backed dictator Batista. Castro was pro-Communist and therefore this was testing America's policy of containment. Castro took over all American based businesses and from 1960 he was receiving arms from the Soviet Union and American spies knew this. Cuba was important to America because it was an American ally. ...read more.

Middle

The invasion failed disastrously. Castro captured or killed them all within days. To Cuba and the Soviet Union the failed invasion suggested that the USA was unwilling to get directly involved in Cuba. The Soviet leader Khrushchev was scornful of Kennedy's pathetic attempt to oust Communism from Cuba. The build up in tension increased after the Bay of Pigs as it encouraged the spread of Communism. Khrushchev felt he could do more than what he did in Berlin, as he knew what kind of response he would get from Kennedy, and that had failed so it boosted Khrushchev's confidence in what he was doing. The Soviets flooded arms into Cuba. In May 1962 the Soviet Union announced publicly for the first time that it was supplying Cuba with arms, and by September Cuba had thousands of Soviet missiles and patrol boats, tanks, radar vans, missile erectors, jet bombers, jet fighters and 5000 Soviet technicians to help maintain the weapons. The USA did little to stop this build up of weapons, as they seemed ready to tolerate Cuba being supplied with conventional arms, but it was whether or not the Soviets would dare to put nuclear missiles on Cuba. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many conclusions could be derived from this such as maybe the USSR were planning an attack on the US. It was worrying because as it says in Robert Kennedy's book 13 days, "The photographs indicated that missiles were directed at certain cities. The estimate was that within a few minutes of their being fired 80 million Americans would be dead" This needed an immediate response from JFK because the USA was not expecting this to happen and it seemed as if the missiles were there to form an attack on the USA. The experts said that the most developed of the sites could be ready to launch missiles within 7 days, not leaving much time for JFK to take action. This pushed Cuba in to the middle of arms race fears and tensions as the USSRS missiles were now extremely close to the USA and a lot more threatening as the USSR had reassured they would not our nuclear missiles onto Cuba making it extremely suspicious, therefore increasing the tension. Why did a crisis develop in 1962 about Cuba? Louise Davidson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Cuban Missile Crisis Sources Questions

    Instead, his historical account exists merely to give us as accurate and fair a view and summary of the Cuban Missile Crisis as he can put together. The juxtaposition of the two parts of the Source - Kennedy's "victory" and the removal of missiles from Turkey, is verification that this man is not bias in his portrayal of this crisis.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Causes and Consequences

    Although the initial uprising was quickly defeated by the well trained Cuban troops, the US involvement in the invasion of Cuba was a direct violation of Article 2 and Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, as well as Articles 18 and 25 of the Charter of the

  1. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a Success for Containment?

    then he would look weak to the people of America and to the rest of the world. So Kennedy and his advisers did not think on this option at all due to the side effects it could have. The Result In the end Kennedy decided to form a blockade around the coast of Cuba.

  2. The relationship between the two superpowers of USA and Russia worsened between 1959 and ...

    In America it led to massive inflation and in Russia it led to lower and lower standards of living and a shortage of consumer goods. So both sides stopped spending so much money on arms and this improved their relationship.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    receiving military supplies. 4. By September technicians began to install Balistic Missiles 14 October 1962 a U2 Spy Plane flew over the missiles base and estimated that, by November, there would be Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles ready and they could hit almost all US cities.

  2. How important was the nuclear arms race in the development of tensions during the ...

    If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world.? The fact that the Truman Doctrine aided the two countries made it less likely they would have communist governments.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    in arms limitation and European stabilisation, BUT the Soviet expansion into the Third World brought d�tente to an end... * May have been a temporary solution to a long term problem "D�tente collapsed in 1980 but it provided essential lubrication and reduced the friction in the transition from a bipolar to a triangular Cold War" (Bradley)

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    This would lead to the end of MAD. In conclusion, all of these reasons led to a collapse in detente. However, the most significant reason was because of the invasion of Afghanistan. This destroyed the detente that had been formed after the Cuban Missile Crisis. If the invasion had not occurred perhaps detente would have remained and the rest of the events would not have occurred.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work