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Causes of the english civil war

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Introduction

What were the causes of the English civil war? How far do you agree that Charles 1 was to blame for the war? The Civil war began in August 1642, claiming the lives of one in ten men. Charles 1 declared war against the English Parliament. The two sides were the Parliamentarians- most merchants and MP's and many people from the south east of England, and the Royalists- who were royal, upper class, gentry or people from the north west of England. Not all people had a choice of which side they supported as they were mostly forced to be on one of the two sides, however many people changed sides during the war. There were many factors which led to the outbreak of the war, many of which Charles 1 was to blame. Some were Long term causes dating back to the very beginning of Charles's reign; others were short term or triggers. The reasons for the outbreak of the civil war are as follows: The main problem was that James V1 had taught Charles to believe in the divine right of Kings, which is a political and religious doctrine stating that the king's power comes from God. ...read more.

Middle

Later on in 1629 Charles dissolved parliament. This left Charles with an even bigger struggle for money, so he had to find new ways to raise money, but how? In 1634 Charles decided to collect ship money from coastal counties in 1634. One year later in 1635 he was collecting ship money from both coastal and inland counties at a time when there was no need for the navy. This was very unpopular with the people of England at the time as Charles was taking their money for a cause that had no need for money. This takes us into the short term causes. In 1637 Charles decided to change the Scottish prayer book and replace it with the English one. The Scottish were very much annoyed at this as they claimed themselves to be more protestant than the English and therefore said they had never accepted the English prayer book because it was too close to Catholicism. As Charles didn't ask the Scots about this, when he ordered the English prayer book to be read at the services the Scottish were infuriated and soon rebelled. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was between Parliament; some MP's wanted get rid of all the bishop others wanted to get rid of Laud and others wanted to abolish the Church of England. Then when Parliament voted to throw the bishops out of the House of Commons moderate MP's started to think about siding with Charles because if the church was abolished they believed there would be chaos. Then there were arguments about who would command the army that would fight against the Irish rebellion. The final trigger was when the Parliament passed a set of demands called the Nineteen Propositions. This was the point where war was inevitable because by doing so it divided the King's supporters from his opponents. Later on in June each side ordered each county to organize an army and by August the war had began. I conclude that overall there are many causes to the English civil war. I think that overall Charles 1 was responsible for most of them, however it was not entirely his fault as some of the causes getting closer to the civil war (triggers) Parliament or the House of Commons was to blame for e.g. the grand remonstrance. The war finished in 1646, when the Parliamentarians defeated the royalists. By Natalia Cerdan 8M ...read more.

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