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Causes of the First World War

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In the summer of 1914 a massive war was started between the great powers. In this essay I will investigate and explain why the First World War started, how Britain became involved and why British soldiers had to fight in the war. Everyone thinks the war started because archduke Franz Ferdinand was shot in Bosnia, but there is more to it then that. In the 1800's Britain was the world's leading nation. It had an enormous empire and a powerful navy to protect her land overseas. Britain manufactured lots of goods and exported a lot to other countries including Germany. Before 1900 Britain was the world's leading industrial power, but Germany had matched this. Although Britain had an empire of 27 million km and Germany only had an empire of 2.5 million km it still made Britain worry. ...read more.


This worried Britain because they knew that Germany would carry on to build more dreadnoughts and would threaten Britain's naval supremacy. In 1904 Britain made an alliance with France due to the fact that they were worried about Germany becoming stronger. Russia was also worried about Germanys growth so they too made an alliance with France in 1907. This alliance between France, Britain and Russia became known as the Triple Entente. Russia was a very poor country and had almost no industry. Britain and France knew this so they started to fund Russia's army and funded the transport lines for the country. This meant their troops could move around quicker and import and export was better. Russia became a more industrial country. Three very strong countries now surrounded Germany. Germany was worried but there was one country that wasn't against Germany this was Austria. ...read more.


In 1910 there was a defensive agreement between the triple entente, which meant if one country were attacked the other two would send help. This left Germany with a solid steel ring around their country. On June 28th 1914 the heir to the Austrian throne and his wife visited Sarajevo in Bosnia both of which killed by terrorists. The Austrians believed that the Serbs had killed Franz Ferdinand so they waged war on Serbia. Russia was a close ally to Serbia so they sent help and fought against Austria. This meant Germany had to help Austria against Russia so they sent help, they also moved towards France because France was part of the triple entente. France had their hands full with Germany so Britain sent help to France knowing that if France fell Germany would surely attack them next. This is how Britain became involved in the war, why British soldiers fought in the war and why the war started. Daniel Hunt World War 1 Coursework ...read more.

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