• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of World War 1.

Extracts from this document...


Causes of World War 1 The Kruger Telegram (1896) In 1896 Cecil Rhodes in an armed attack, using British South African police tried to start an uprising in Johannesburg against the Boers. This was an illegal act against the Transvaal state because thousands of Germans were active in the commercial life of the country. This meant that the Germans were very concerned about the fate of the Boer republic. They went about showing their concern in a very clumsy way. After Berlin had been told that the raid had not been approved by the British government, the matter had should have been closed. However the German foreign minister invited Russian and French co-operation against Britain. By doing this he hoped that this pressure would provoke Britain to join the triple alliance. However France and Russia refused. The Kaiser then took policy into his own hands and sent a telegram to Kruger, the Boer president, supporting the independence of the Transvaal state. This message caused outrage in Britain because the Transvaal state was not a fully independent state. The Transvaal state had also accepted British control over its external relations in 1884. The British press as a result treated the Kaiser's action as a massive interference in British's imperial affairs. ...read more.


In the summer of 1905 Germany provoked a crisis over Morocco. Germany's main objective was to inflict a diplomatic defeat on France. The Germans didn't want France to make Morocco part of their sphere of influence because German commercial interests would suffer. The Kaiser personally went to morocco claiming that his intention was to uphold the independence of morocco. He claimed that Germany should have been consulted on such matters. Then in mid April the Germans held an international conference to review the question of morocco. Germany based this demand on an international agreement signed in 1880, guaranteeing full commercial freedom in morocco. The French foreign minister had also not tried to negotiate with Germany, as he had with other countries. The Germans thought that if they let themselves be walked all over now by France then it would give of the impression that Germany was weak. If Germany had just wanted compensation then it could have just gone through normal diplomatic channels. It was its brusque unorthodox methods that caused unease. The French and British governments were confused by Germany's behaviour. This is understandable because Germany provoked the crisis without knowing what they wanted to gain form it. Germany's hidden aim was to weaken the Anglo-French entente. ...read more.


The Germans were not in the wrong they argued that French officials were obstructing German economic activities in Morocco. German foreign minister grossly mishandled the situation. He attempted to impress the German public by gaining a lot of land at the same time he also tried to get French goodwill by accepting a protectorate over morocco. But the amount of land he demanded was too much. He demanded the whole of the French Congo. After he demanded too much the German foreign minister made it impossible for a quick and easy settlement to be made. In July Lloyd George made a statement saying that Britain had no intention of being ignored in any agreement over Morocco. The crisis now became a huge Anglo German confrontation. Britain over reacted by putting its fleet on alert. In the end the crisis was ended and Germany got only two meagre strips of territory on the French Congo. To conclude France and Germany got into a confrontation after France took over morocco. Germany asked for too much in compensation as a result Britain intervened turning the crisis into a confrontation between Britain and Germany the Germans got a small amount of territory in the French Congo and the crisis was over. This is a very important incident as a background cause to World War 1. William Woollett ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Long term Causes of World War 1

    Ferdinand by "The Black Hand", a Serbian nationalist group who wanted the Austrian rule gone. This, and the numerous confusing alliances, all contributed to the outbreak of war, not to mention the "war climate" (suspicion, fear, and tension) because of the alliances.

  2. Cause of World War 1

    Patriotism was being taken to the next level (war) to satisfy the people of the country. It was this type of extremism in Serbia, which led to the killing of Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne. He had openly said that he was opposed to the idea of a grand Slav nation, and was going to Serbia to try to calm down the Serbs down.

  1. The Causes of World War I.

    To combat this the British began creating a "super battleship" called H.M.S. Dreadnought. Germany began copying these ideas and created their own "super battleships." Thus began the arms race. This put even more friction upon the countries because now both powers were arming their troops.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    Indeed, from looking more closely at the alliance system before and after Bismarck you may side with Thomson on the "peace-keeping nature" of the alliance system. Bismarck's original system of alliances had been devised to keep the peace. - why Bismarck constructed alliances - fear of revenge thus determined to

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    Hence - largely defensive in nature, lacking any colours of aggressiveness. With the alliances, security was gained and enabled Germany to become gradually an industrial power in equality with UK. On the part of France, she did try her best in finding allies.

  2. Was the Kaiser the main influence to start World War1?

    This arms race led to massive navies and armies building up. The aging emperor Franz Joseph ruled Austria Hungary; the country was divided into many different nationalities, and was becoming increasingly difficult to govern. Each nationality had its own culture and language, and many wanted to form their own states.

  1. Causes of World War 1

    Also, because of the belief that they should be the superior ruling country in Europe and beyond, Germany looked to other regions of the world, such as Africa, where it believed it had rights to take over land and resources.

  2. What were the causes of World War 1?

    Austria-Hungary, a nation struggling to contain rebellions was bordering with Russia, who supported these rebels. By doing this the relations between Russia and Austria-Hungary were fragile. Countries had no way of knowing what their rival alliance was planning which increased levels of mistrust and suspicion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work