• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of WW1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Causes of World War One There many factors contributing to the start of World War One, one of the bloodiest wars ever fought, both short and long term. The long term causes were Militarism, the Alliance System, Imperialism and Nationalism. The short term events include the First Moroccan Crisis, the Second Moroccan Crisis at Adagir, the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Germany's "blank cheque" and finally the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo. Militarism was ripe in the European countries during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Militarism means; "The belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests". One example of militarism leading up to World War One are the British-German Naval Race. The Naval Race began after Kaiser William II announced the Tirpitz Plan to increase Germany's naval size. Britain, who went by the "Two-Power Standard" at that point, also increased their naval size. However in 1906 Britain introduced the HMS Dreadnought into service. The Dreadnought was a revolutionary ship, rendering most previous battleships obsolete with its superior speed, thicker armor and bigger guns which had a far larger range. ...read more.

Middle

put it "a place in the sun" but at that time most of the most profitable areas had already been colonized by the French and the British. This led to increased tension between the Britain and Germany and between France and Germany although the British-French Entente was strengthened. Nationalism was another of the main reasons for WW1 and was mainly in the Balkans. The Austro-Hungarian Empire at the time was interested in expanding into the Balkans at the time and Russia did not approve as most of the population in the Balkan area were Slavs, like the Russians. The Austrians however were of the Germanic race but the Austro-Hungarian Empire at time had many different nationalities within its borders. Apart from the Austrian native people there were Serbs, Romanians, Magyars, Germans, Czechs, Poles, Slovaks, Ruthenians, Serb-Croats, Muslims and Croats. As you can see, many nationalities. The big independent state in the Balkans at the time was Serbia and after the Austro-Hungarians annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1908 the Serbs were very angry as they did not want their fellow Slavs under the rule of a Germanic empire. Russia supported this view and started a policy called "Panslavism". This Policy was intended to unite the Slav people under one banner. This Slav Nationalism eventually led to the spark that started the whole war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Serbia however, after recieving the promise that Russia would support them if they were invaded, did not agree to all these demands and so Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28 1914. Russia started mobilizing its troops a few days after. Germany declared war on Russia on August 1st and on France on August 3rd. Germany then proceeded to launch a pre-emptive strike on France before the Russians had a chance to mobolize all her troops. During this attack the Germans violated Belgium's neutrality by following the Schiefflen Plan which involved going through Belgium and northern France quickly securing Paris and then moving onto the Russians. This plan failed however as the Belgians and French put up a much tougher resistance than expected. The invasion of Belgium was what brought Britian into the war as Britain thought herself as Belgium's "protector". In conclusion I think they were alot of factors that contributed to the outbreak of World War One but I think that the assassination of Sarajevo had the greatest repurcusions. I think this because if the assassination had not happened then the war would not have begun and at the end the Treaty of Versailles that eventually led to the rise of Nazism in Germany would not have happened. Nor would the Russian Revolution and subsequently the rise of Communist Russia and the Cold War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Courses of WW1

    They were friend with Russia. They wanted there land back and wanted to protect itself from Germany. Russia was the largest country of all the allies. They were largely agricultural. They were rivals with Austria-Hungary. After a war with Japan in 1904 they realised they needed to build up a strong army.

  2. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    Rahbehari Bose fled India after bombing the viceroy in 1915 and collaborated with the Japenese against the British. This could have been a very real threat to the British, apart from the fact that many Indian soldiers did not trust the Japanese and their motives and believed Bose may become a puppet leader for them.

  1. Cartoon Analysis - WW1

    The pill also implies that the man (Germany) would be destroyed if it had to swallow the pill placing Germany in a very secure position from the allies' point of view. Also the line "Pills worth millions a box" signifies the large cost the peace terms had on Germany, through reparations and territorial losses.

  2. British Recruitment WW1

    Although, the moment when he recruited would hold significant importance to him due to the decision, effectively, putting his life on the line for 4 years straight. My overall opinion on the provenance of this source is that it is reliable, and very accurate, due to the minimal information that the source actually presents.

  1. The French revolution had both short term causes and long term causes, the long ...

    It all started when the king called a meeting of the Estates Generals to tax the people, the 3rd estates people wanted a share of power, they wanted a constitution, these are a set of rules which said how the country was run, it was opposed by the king and

  2. Who was to blam for WW1?

    At the same time he also withdrew from the disarmament conference again showing peace was not a big priority for him. Infact he straight away, against the Treaty of Versailles, began to build up Germany's army, navy and airforce (Luftwaffe), spending a huge proportion of Germany's income on the military; in 1935 Hitler introduced conscription.

  1. The Suez Crisis

    This also shows that Eden's opinion of Nasser, when he compared him with Hitler, wasn't true and the British public knew this and turned against him. Source F shows the general public opinion in Britain to be for Nasser. They think it's wrong to assume that Nasser will close the

  2. How did the Cold War begin?

    Following his prediction the USSR regarded the American financial aid as an American maneuver to make all European countries anticommunist and they rejected it. The USA succeeded in consolidating its influence in Western Europe, but since the USSR forbade her satellite countries (Eastern Europe)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work