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Change in Weaponry during First World War

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Introduction

Martin Klima Year 10C History Ms.Carlevaro 4/6/08 Change in Weaponry during First World War Weapons have been used since humanity existed. Humanity has always found a way to, hunt or kill its prey or enemy, more effectively. One of the biggest developments for weaponry was during the First World War. I have choose to research and write about this topic because I find it very interesting how war can develop technology and I wanted to know by how much further it developed Weapons that were later on used or developed during the Second World War. I will be searching for sources that will prove my statements. I have researched types of weapons used during WW1, their strengths and weaknesses, and how they changed before/during/after WW1. Before the War begun many weapons that were used in WW1 have been designed and created but later on developed into more powerful masses of destruction. Only few weapons were actually designed and created in the First World War. Despite the advancements in machine guns, mortars and grenade technologies, all remained relatively unwieldy and cumbersome in comparison to the rifle, which remained the most crucial, ever-present infantry weapon throughout World War One.1 The Rifle: The infantry was the solid bone of the army but o be effective he had to have the right equipment. ...read more.

Middle

They fired shells that exploded on impact. The machine gun was most effective against infantry. The weakness of this weapon was heat, due to its fast speed, the gun most of the time overheated that's why most of the time generals thought of the idea that if they attack with enough men, they might overwhelm the machine gun eventually and capture the trench, this would off course cost many casualties (However, the idea that generals just threw away lives is not supported by any evidence)4. The machine gun changed many strategies in WW1. Machine guns kept developing even after the World war 1 and are still used today. Modern Machine guns are more powerful and can even pierce the armor of a heavy vehicle. Submarines: Submarines were a new technology, although submarines were invented before WW1 in 1896 by John Philip Holland, they were used in WW1 first time for combat. U-boat was a German submarine that was first used in the 1914. A U-boat could go under water and could surprise its enemy by sending a torpedo at its opponent's ship which exploded on impact with the ship and eventually sank it. The conditions in the U-boats were horrible; "our own mates are dying while their diseases remain behind them, with no fresh air, the diseases spread rapidly".5 Submarines turned the oceans upside down and created a new type of warfare in the seas. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although deadly gases aren't used in today's combat they developed and now modern soldiers use smoke gas grenades to create a camouflage. Conclusion: Off course there were many other great technologies that had were invented in the WW1 (such as the Tank) and many other weapons such as the artillery was developed into bigger, better and more powerful artillery. During World War 1 Air war was hugely advanced as planes were designed to drop bombs and shoot down other aircrafts. The plane wasn't invented in the First World War but it was turned into a death machine. In World War 2 it then changed the whole air warfare. WW1 was a huge step in development of today's modern aircrafts. 8 So to conclude this, WW1 has pushed the boundaries of weaponology further. Those weapons that have been discovered before the war were greatly developed during WW1. World War 1 was one big step in the evolution of weapons. Bibliography: Books: GCSE modern world history Author: Ben Walsh First published: 1996 Web: Michael Duffy. "Weapons of War: Rifles." First World War. 28 Aug. 2002. 4 June 2008 <http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/rifles.htm>. "Wiorld War 1 GCSE." School History. 23 Jan. 2003. 5 June 2008 <http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/wars/wwi.html>. "Navy Diaries." Military History. 8 Apr. 2001. 5 June 2008 <http://www.history.navy.mil/download/ww1-06.pdf>. Axelrod, Alan. "fighter aircraft." Encyclopedia of World War II, Volume I. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2007. Modern World History Online. Facts On File, <http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/default.asp?ItemID=WE53&NewItemID=True> Images: http://www.kmike.com/KWjpg/LEmark4.jpg Fig 1 (accessed 5 june 2008) Word count incl. ...read more.

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