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Chapter 25 Hitler's Germany.

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Chapter 25 Hitler's Germany Before Hitler came to power, freedom to live ones own life within the law was protected by powerful forces within the German Republic. 1st, the Republic was a federation of states, or lander, each with its own democratically elected government. Those second-level govs. Worked as a check on the power of the federal gov. in Berlin. 2nd, a citizen could join an organization which protected his interests. 3rd, a citizen had the right to speak, listen and read criticism of those who ruled him. And finally, there was the crucial principle that no person or gov. was above the law. - Germans were to be moulded into a volk, a racially pure people, whose only loyalty was to Hitler. Hitler gave facts of life in Nazi Germany: "the gov. will brutally beat down all who oppose it." On 23, March 1933 the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act, which gave Hitler the authority to make his own laws. ON 2 May, Union offices throughout the country were raided by the SA and SS. IN their place the German Labour Front (DAF) was set up, led by Robert Ley, which both workers and employers sere forced to join. The DAF was basically a means of stopping German workers organizing themselves in their own interests. ON 14 July a new law destroyed the German people's democratic right to disagree openly with those who ruled them. ...read more.


to completed the education of the young people who had been picked out as the future Party leaders. Early in 1933 the Nazis had bonfires of literature, burning everything they disliked or despised- books by Jews, books by socialists, books about the merits of democracy, and many textbooks used in the schools of the Republic-especially history textbooks. The Organization of Terror: Thousands of Germans had experiences with the brutal police. In June 1936, Fuhrer gave Himmler control of all Germany's police. The SS was responsible to no one but its own leader, and he was answerable only to Hitler. The most widely feared branch of Himmler's organization was the Gestapo, controlled by Reinhard heydrich. The most suitable means of removing the 'germs of destruction' was to place them in 'protective custody'- Nazi shorthand for arresting suspicious characters and handing them over, without trial, o the concentration camps run by the SS at Dachau, Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald and Lichtenburg. From the end of 1937 the political prisoners in 'rotective custody' were joined by more and more people roped in by the police under their new posers of 'preventive detention'. The argument behind this was: certain types of people were always causing trouble, refusing to behave like everyone else- so why not lock them up? The 'anti-social' elements included beggars, gypsies, prostitutes, grumblers, alcoholics, hooligans, and mental cases. ...read more.


Hatred of the Jews was taught in schools. The Intentions of Nazi Germany: In Mein Kampf, some of the ideas of Hitler was called 'German Policy In Eastern Europe': "Our movement must seek to abolish the present disastrous proportion between our population and the area of our national territory. In striving for this it must bear in mind the fact that e are members of the highest species of humanity on earth. Will have to win (territory) by the power of a triumphant sword. When we speak of a new territory in Europe today, we must principally think of Russia and the border States to her." To deal with unemployment problem Hitler: set up a National Labour Service to employ people on a wide range of public works- in agriculture, land reclamation, the building of schools and hospitals, and the construction of the autobahnen, Germany's new motorways. The conscription of young men into the armed forces and the expansion of the armaments industry both helped to reduce Germany's unemployment figures. And more jobs were created by Hitler's policy of autarky- his attempt to reduce Germany's dependence on world markets for essential raw materials. Policies like these- conscription, the development of an air force, massive expenditure on rearmament, autarky- were obviously preparations for a war. On 10 Nov. 1938, Hitler made a secret speech to representatives of the German press: "to the Germans that there are things which if they cannot be achieved by peaceful means, must be achieved by means of force." ...read more.

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