• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Child evacuation during the second world war.

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework Evacuation is when the government want to preserve the future of Britain by sending out the children, pregnant mothers, the disabled and teachers to the countryside. To get away from the cities, that are likely to bombarded by air. Which happened in late September 1939. The government also were well prepared for the war by issuing gas masks out to the evacuees, to be worn in case of gas attacks. Evacuation is portrayed in source A to be a failure. This source is taken from a textbook which is written for British schools. It says in the source ' that things did not go smoothly for the evacuees' and 'the local people were shocked with the deprivation and bad manners'. The source is likely to be reliable because it is written for a textbook that needs to be fair. ...read more.


As it was fifty years after the evacuation parts of the story might have been changed or forgotten, making it less reliable. Source D is a picture taken by the government during the war showing the evacuees having a bath. This likely to be not so reliable, which is probably used for propaganda. It shows partly that evacuation was a success. It shows the evacuees having a bath which they would probably never of had before. The children in the bath look cheerful and they all look clean. To some extent it shows over crowding and probably set up, because not many house would have that many baths or that many evacuees. Source E clearly states that evacuation was not a success. It tells us about the evacuees urinating on the walls and the parents not listing. It shows the massive cultural change for the evacuees and that host families did not realise that. ...read more.


It portrays the evacuees very badly again by saying that they are poor and cant afford slippers. It is another stereotypical view of the evacuees saying that they were all poor, bad mannered and had bad behaviour. I fell this is very negative about evacuation and outlines the problems faced by hosts and evacuees. This source shows the failure of evacuation. Near to the end of the year 1939 most of the evacuees returned home, because the cities were not being attacked. They called this the 'Phoney War'. The government produced many posters in 1939 and 1940 showing evacuation as a success, needed for the backing of the country throughout the war. Source B gives the evacuees the sense of safety, bringing confidence to the parents to evacuate their children. The experience for the evacuees will have been unforgettable, even though they might not of enjoyed it. From my knowledge and the majority of these sources I fell evacuation was a success because not many had died in air raids throughout the war. Ed Sloan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    the amount of children evacuated in the first wave of evacuation through the governments scheme. This means that evacuation was a success for the government, because they managed to show the need to evacuation to many, even though they didn't use the government's program of evacuation.

  2. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    Evacuation was a necessary part of public safety, ensuring the survival of defenceless children. Evacuation began officially after the phoney war. Propaganda campaigns were produced to convince mothers to let their children go. Children were packed off with not much more than the clothes on their backs, which they were often sewn into.

  1. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    I also know that many children during World War Two wanted to stay in the cities to see the destruction of war as they saw it as fun. However, the source is not reliable because the director may not have remembered all the details of his experience of the war.

  2. Was Evacuation A Success

    The poster includes a full sized image which consists of 2 young angelic smiling children who look innocent and the background is divided into two; One half is the countryside which looks like a safe and pleasant place to be and the other half represents the city which looks dark and very unsafe with a few aircraft hovering across.

  1. In what ways were people's lives affected by evacuation during the second world war?

    Also siblings and close friends would usually be separated because most foster homes didn't want more than two children. "In the end I went to the Bound family at 11Vicarage Terrace and Margaret and Mike stayed with the Evans at number 13", This source seems reliable as it is a primary source for the sake of a history based website.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    The British used barrage balloons to defend themselves and sent fighter planes to intercept them. British fighter pilots and anti-aircraft gunners became very good at bringing down Zeppelins. In 1917 the British defences stopped the Zeppelin attacks. Zeppelins could deliver successful long-range bombing attacks, but were vulnerable to attack and bad weather.

  1. Was Evacuation a success?

    For example if the photograph showed crying children it would be censored or the picture would simply not be taken if showing evacuation to be a stressful or negative event. So in conclusion to source A, at first appearance it shows that evacuation was a success but on closer inspection

  2. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45

    They are close together and hugging one another. The picture seems to imply that everyone, no matter what their age or background, was being equally affected by the war. The photograph in Source C also shows the positive attitude of the people. Many of them are giving the camera a thumbs up whilst others hold up a cup of tea.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work