• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Child evacuation during the second world war.

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework Evacuation is when the government want to preserve the future of Britain by sending out the children, pregnant mothers, the disabled and teachers to the countryside. To get away from the cities, that are likely to bombarded by air. Which happened in late September 1939. The government also were well prepared for the war by issuing gas masks out to the evacuees, to be worn in case of gas attacks. Evacuation is portrayed in source A to be a failure. This source is taken from a textbook which is written for British schools. It says in the source ' that things did not go smoothly for the evacuees' and 'the local people were shocked with the deprivation and bad manners'. The source is likely to be reliable because it is written for a textbook that needs to be fair. ...read more.


As it was fifty years after the evacuation parts of the story might have been changed or forgotten, making it less reliable. Source D is a picture taken by the government during the war showing the evacuees having a bath. This likely to be not so reliable, which is probably used for propaganda. It shows partly that evacuation was a success. It shows the evacuees having a bath which they would probably never of had before. The children in the bath look cheerful and they all look clean. To some extent it shows over crowding and probably set up, because not many house would have that many baths or that many evacuees. Source E clearly states that evacuation was not a success. It tells us about the evacuees urinating on the walls and the parents not listing. It shows the massive cultural change for the evacuees and that host families did not realise that. ...read more.


It portrays the evacuees very badly again by saying that they are poor and cant afford slippers. It is another stereotypical view of the evacuees saying that they were all poor, bad mannered and had bad behaviour. I fell this is very negative about evacuation and outlines the problems faced by hosts and evacuees. This source shows the failure of evacuation. Near to the end of the year 1939 most of the evacuees returned home, because the cities were not being attacked. They called this the 'Phoney War'. The government produced many posters in 1939 and 1940 showing evacuation as a success, needed for the backing of the country throughout the war. Source B gives the evacuees the sense of safety, bringing confidence to the parents to evacuate their children. The experience for the evacuees will have been unforgettable, even though they might not of enjoyed it. From my knowledge and the majority of these sources I fell evacuation was a success because not many had died in air raids throughout the war. Ed Sloan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    the amount of children evacuated in the first wave of evacuation through the governments scheme. This means that evacuation was a success for the government, because they managed to show the need to evacuation to many, even though they didn't use the government's program of evacuation.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    There are good points and bad points about evacuation. Arguably evacuation was a success because many children became healthier and happier once they were evacuated to the countryside. Many ate much better than they ever had done in the cities. Many benefited from being able to run around and play sports outside in the fresh air.

  1. History Coursework - Evacuation Assignment

    This source clearly shows a firm opposition to evacuation, showing that not everyone agreed with the government's plans. The evacuation process was co-ordinated by the National Federation of the Woman's Institutes. When the evacuees had reached their destinations they were taken to reception areas, these varied from being a local school, village hall or church.

  2. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    He had the mentality of a soldier and understood war in a way that was beyond Chamberlain. He was a formidable leader, and an excellent public speaker, which helped in multiple ways. His speeches were inspiringly patriotic; his "finest hour" address was particularly encouraging to the British people.

  1. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    The father might have, in hindsight, had a different opinion of evacuation. For example, if his son was killed in the war during an air raid, he might have then thought that evacuation was a good idea after all, but he would not have known this at the time of the interview.

  2. Was Evacuation a success?

    The father has based his views on gossip and rumors with the people who live in his area. Also he is worried that if he got killed there would be plenty of his family in his area to look after his son however this wouldn't be the case if his child were evacuated.

  1. Was Evacuation A Success

    evacuee; therefore she had first hand experience and we expect her to have done research. It was written in the year of 1973 which means it is a benefit of hindsight so there is ability to research the facts. However, it is also unreliable as it was not taken from the time; it was written almost 40 years later.

  2. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45

    unable to fight, so it was in the interests of the government to keep people enthusiastic and positive about the war. It would appear to be a posed picture because everyone is looking towards the camera and smiling. It seems likely that the photographer was trying to capture an image

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work