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Choose three events describe the impact each one has had on the history of the conflict in Ireland. In your answer try to explain which event has the greatest influence on the conflict

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Choose three events describe the impact each one has had on the history of the conflict in Ireland. In your answer try to explain which event has the greatest influence on the conflict Introduction This is an essay on the conflict in Ireland. These are the events that have caused the conflict, the main one is that the Catholics wanted a united Ireland where they had Home Rule while the Protestants wanted the British involved to have British Rule, the other thing that caused the conflict was when Henry VIII made himself head of the Church of England, this then caused the three events that are written in this essay they are the Battle of the Boyne, Civil Rights Movement and the Good Friday Agreement. The Battle of the Boyne was caused because King James tries to use Catholic troops to win the throne back off of William of Orange. James attacks the city of Londonderry and is held back by the apprentice boys of the city. The food was running out so they had to eat cats, dogs, candles and leather so they could stay alive. Thousands died of disease. This then gives time for the British ships to sail up the River Foule to help William to defeat James in the battle in July 1699. After the battle James fled to France. The Protestants are now dominant because of this; they own most of the land and there is no serious challenge to Protestant hegemony for over 100 years. ...read more.


The Orange order and the apprentice boys who are both Protestant orginisations go on marches every year to celebrate William of Orange's victory over the Catholics. These marches cause trouble at places like Drumcree and the Gavachy Road. The Protestants still celebrate this event because it is a victory over their rivals. The Catholics would regard this event as pointless and would like to get that out of their memory even though they killed some Protestants. Civil Rights Movement was made in July 1968 and marches began which were encouraged by the American Civil Rights Movement lead by Martin Luther King. The causes are that the Catholics were discriminated in many ways they were on jobs, they were not allowed many votes, most of the businesses were Protestant owned and the employees they had were Protestant, the local councils gave most houses to Protestants and the new houses were normally built in Protestant areas, most of the Police Force were Protestant and most of the judges and magistrates were too and the RUC could call out a Special Force called the B Specials who were known for violence against the Catholics. They formed the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association in 1967 where they went on marches, they had demands that they wanted to achieve these where to end the B Specials, to have fair access to houses, a repeal of the Special Powers Act, a law against discrimination by the local government and the end of gerrymandered boundaries and the one person one vote in local elections. ...read more.


There is then intensive talks between American, British and Irish as well as party leaders from Northern Ireland, which then results in the Good Friday Agreement. They then have a referenda on the agreement on the 22nd of May which both the Irish and Northern Irish public agree on. This slows down the violence for a little while and then the violence escalates again but is not as bad as before apart from the Omagh Bomb. There is still violence between Catholics and Protestants so there is still no permanent solution to the violence up to this very day but the violence has died down a bit. So they are at a stalemate. Conclusion The violence was caused because of the split thoughts on Home Rule because the Catholics wanted a united Ireland while the Protestants wanted the United Kingdom to be involved so in the end this has brought on the violence between them. They are not near to a final solution because there still is violence between the two sides up to this very day. The Battle of the Boyne had the biggest impact on the violence in Ireland because it started off the violence even though there had been arguments between the two sides before this, like when Henry VIII made himself the head of the Church of England, when the English sent Plantations over to Ireland, there was arguments between them on which religion people in Ireland should follow either Catholic or Protestant and it was the first big event that happened. 1469 words ...read more.

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