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Chp. 8 Summary - The American Colonies Rebel Against Britain

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Chapter 8 Summary Virginia was gifted with powerful leadership and great strength in character. George Washington was a great aspect for the army. They selected him primarily on politics A small American army attacked and captured British garrisons at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. The Continental Congress professed American loyalty to Britain and later was unable to reconcile anyway. The King of England later declared the colonies as traders. The colonies hoped to add French Canada to the colonies as a fourteenth colony. This showed that the colonists were not just fighting in defense. Fighting continued in the colonies, although colonists would not claim their desire for independence. Many colonists still considered themselves to be connected to the mother country of Britain. They slowly realized how necessary it was to be separated from the homeland. In 1776, Thomas Paine printed a pamphlet explaining why a "larger body" should not be able to control a "smaller body." ...read more.


The Patriots later looked at the Loyalists as traitors, and eventually drove them out of the colonies. The British looked at Boston as a headquarters for the king to count on the Loyalists to get things started. The Americans were defeated at the Battle of Long Island in 1776 and then won at Trenton and Princeton later that same year. The British devised a scheme to capture the Hudson River from the colonies. General Burgoyne began an invasion with just seven thousand troops, while General Howe embarked an attack on the British in Philadelphia. General Washington soon pushed his troops toward Philadelphia as well and Burgoyne later had to surrender at Saratoga. France was eager to gain revenge against the British, wanted to fuel the fire in the war. The Americans stood for revolutionary political ideas in their homeland, but also for international affairs as well. ...read more.


One of the darkest times in the war was from 1780 to 1781, before the final victory. The British general, Cornwallis, was trapped while waiting for supplies in Yorktown at the Chesapeake Bay. Fighting continued for more than a year after the battle at Yorktown, which eventually allowed a peace treaty to be signed. The Britons were tired of war and ready to come to terms that the colonies needed independence, although King George III thought differently. The French were in a terrible position and were eager to smash Britain. John Jay noticed what game France was trying to play and decided not to be a part of that, but to sign the Treat of Paris of 1783. Britain's terms in the peace treaty were quite liberal, surprisingly, but were this way in order to try to reduce American's alliance with France. The Americans made a separate treaty in order not to deceive the French alliance, and America only, gained from the war. ...read more.

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