• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chp. 8 Summary - The American Colonies Rebel Against Britain

Extracts from this document...


Chapter 8 Summary Virginia was gifted with powerful leadership and great strength in character. George Washington was a great aspect for the army. They selected him primarily on politics A small American army attacked and captured British garrisons at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. The Continental Congress professed American loyalty to Britain and later was unable to reconcile anyway. The King of England later declared the colonies as traders. The colonies hoped to add French Canada to the colonies as a fourteenth colony. This showed that the colonists were not just fighting in defense. Fighting continued in the colonies, although colonists would not claim their desire for independence. Many colonists still considered themselves to be connected to the mother country of Britain. They slowly realized how necessary it was to be separated from the homeland. In 1776, Thomas Paine printed a pamphlet explaining why a "larger body" should not be able to control a "smaller body." ...read more.


The Patriots later looked at the Loyalists as traitors, and eventually drove them out of the colonies. The British looked at Boston as a headquarters for the king to count on the Loyalists to get things started. The Americans were defeated at the Battle of Long Island in 1776 and then won at Trenton and Princeton later that same year. The British devised a scheme to capture the Hudson River from the colonies. General Burgoyne began an invasion with just seven thousand troops, while General Howe embarked an attack on the British in Philadelphia. General Washington soon pushed his troops toward Philadelphia as well and Burgoyne later had to surrender at Saratoga. France was eager to gain revenge against the British, wanted to fuel the fire in the war. The Americans stood for revolutionary political ideas in their homeland, but also for international affairs as well. ...read more.


One of the darkest times in the war was from 1780 to 1781, before the final victory. The British general, Cornwallis, was trapped while waiting for supplies in Yorktown at the Chesapeake Bay. Fighting continued for more than a year after the battle at Yorktown, which eventually allowed a peace treaty to be signed. The Britons were tired of war and ready to come to terms that the colonies needed independence, although King George III thought differently. The French were in a terrible position and were eager to smash Britain. John Jay noticed what game France was trying to play and decided not to be a part of that, but to sign the Treat of Paris of 1783. Britain's terms in the peace treaty were quite liberal, surprisingly, but were this way in order to try to reduce American's alliance with France. The Americans made a separate treaty in order not to deceive the French alliance, and America only, gained from the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Executive Summary Fairmont hotels.

    Overall Fairmont envisions much potential in the United Arab Emirates and is ready to expand into the United Arab Emirates. THE COMPANY: Fairmont hotels Background: Fairmont Hotels & Resorts is a Toronto, Ontario -based operator of luxury hotels and resorts.vii Currently, Fairmont operates properties in 15 countries including Canada, the

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    gave rise to the presence of 'vigilante gangs' who took it up on themselves to uphold the law and punish outlaws for their crimes. To vigilante gangs, 'punishment' usually meant killing the perpetrators in question or expelling them from the town.

  1. "The only good Indian is a dead one". To what extent can this statement ...

    This land was given to them if they looked after it and used it effetely. The government promised the people the American army would look them after and would provide railways and travel routes. However the government failed to consider the Native Americans that were living in these areas and failed to think of the consequences from this action.

  2. An analysis of American History 1865-1920

    This old-style Jeffersonian system states to their own devices therefore making the disease of corruption almost untreatable, and of course the corruptors almost untouched. It was the mixture of old politics and a new society, a society unable to cope with the rapid changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution

  1. The Importance of American Leadership.

    And though I felt certain that I could count on our staunchest allies, I was prepared to go it alone if that proved necessary. It was clear, however, that both the immediate situation and the aftermath of the war would benefit immensely if we acted as part of an international coalition.

  2. Multicultural Britain

    Lloyd Miller who was a black immigrant and had arrived in Britain in 1949; he explains the difficulties that he had in finding accommodation. This source could be very useful to historians as it is a first hand experience and Lloyd Miller is telling the reader how he felt and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work