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Christopher Columbus. Gold and fame were Christopher Columbuss main purposes for trying to reach the Americas.

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Introduction

Columbus's discovery has been acknowledged greatly by the world, it being thought of as 'history's biggest mistake' to some, whilst also accredited of as a heroic achievement to others at the same time. His expeditions to the Americas were inspired by his theories of a round Earth. Of course, there are also many other benefits if he succeeded, which not only motivated him, but also kept him going instead of turning right back to Italy when he couldn't find land. I will be explaining why he went on these voyages and the long-term/short-term consequences of his discovery. Why do most people do things? There is a long list of reasons why: fame, respect, curiosity, money...etc. Gold and fame were Christopher Columbus's main purposes for trying to reach the Americas. He had reached an agreement with his benefactors: he would be knighted and gain new and important titles such as Don Christopher Columbus, Admiral of the Ocean Seas, and vice-roy of all new lands he discovers. Christopher also demanded that these titles were to be passed on to all his descendants. This is a long term reason as it would last for a long time, for example, even though he lived hundreds of years ago, he is very renowned and well known today. ...read more.

Middle

Since the turks had closed the route by land, it was even more important to find a new way to get to Asia. This also would have been a merit to him and his country as they could trade more and new things such as silks, spices, metals, gems/jewels, gold, medicines...etc. Of course, let's not forget Columbus's big theory: the world is round and not flat. Back in the olden days, people believed that the world was flat, and if you sailed too far, you would fall of the edge of the earth. Additionally, then believed that sea monsters inhabited the edges of the world, which was why sometimes explorers would set off on expeditions and not return. As we move on to consequences, we find that there are many negatives aftereffects of the discovery. For one, the genocide, or mass murder of the natives. They were not all necessarily murdered, but some were also worked to death. This led to spread of fear and the idea of white or western dominance/supremacy. The natives were led to be afraid of the Spaniards and their modern technology and power over them. They were also forced into religion conversion, as they had their own gods and beliefs before being influenced by the Spanish. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, this failed as there was no gold in the first place. Since none of the Europeans believed them, the natives would be punished and have their hands chopped off. If hey refused to work, Columbus would cut off a nose or an ear. If slaves tried to escape, he would have attack dogs hunt them down, then tear off the 'traitor's' arms and legs while they were still alive. If the Europeans ran out of meet to feed the dogs, they would slaughter native babies for dog food. Next came the encomienda system, which forced the natives into hard labour. In fact, slavery was so intolerable to this peaceful people that at one point, 100 of them committed mass suicide. Another form of slavery Columbus forced the natives into was sexual slavery. Young girls, mostly at the age of 9 or 10, were sold to men casually like one would a farm. Most people would be shocked by this cruel man's intentions and actions but all of these negative consequences actually did originate from this 'hero'. Of course, not all of the aftermaths of the discovery were negative, some were also positive, like the cultural exchange and exchange of knowledge, crops, animals and plant species. However, even though Christopher Columbus's failed expedition to India led to many negative side effects, it also introduced us to a new age- 'The New World'. It had made a huge impact on people's lives and changed the world. ...read more.

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