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Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

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Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975 1) How did the civil rights movement change between 1945 and 1975? [6] Black Americans had a very tough time, there were lots of things they couldn't do just because of the colour of their skin. In the southern states of America racism was just an everyday experience for black people. The civil rights movement in the United States was a political, legal, and social struggle that was organized by black Americans with some help from white America. The civil rights struggle was aimed at gaining full citizenship and racial equality for all Americans, particularly the most discriminated group, African Americans, and was a challenge to segregation. The "Jim Crow" laws, were enforced in seventeen southern states of the USA, this was when black people were segregated everyday things like parks, buses and schools. Just because they were a different colour they had been cut-of from using facilities, that white people were able to use everyday. These are some of the laws that were enforced: "No person or corporation shall require any white female nurse to nurse in wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which Negro men are placed," that was in Alabama and most southern states. "It shall be unlawful for a white person to marry anyone except a white person. Any marriage in violation of this section shall be void," that was a law in most places. "The children of white and coloured races committed to the houses of reform shall be kept entirely separate from each other," in Kentucky and also other states. "The prison warden shall see that the white convicts shall have separate apartments for both eating and sleeping from the Negro convicts," this was enforced in Mississippi. Most black people didn't vote, even though they had been given the vote, this was because if they did vote, they would be made to vote for someone white people wanted, or more then often if they voted their would always be the threat of violence. ...read more.


Malcolm educated himself in his seven- year prison sentence. It was during this time of thinking that Malcolm's Brother Reginald visited and told Malcolm all about his recent conversation to the Muslim religious organisation the Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad taught of achieving political, economic and social success. Among other goals, the Nation of Islam fought for a state of their own, separate from one of white people. As in a promised land where all black people could live in each others company, with the white man there. By the time he was let out in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the new surname "X". He considered "little" as a slave name and chose the "X" this was a symbol for his lost tribal name. Malcolm Little's new name was now Malcolm X. After a while, Malcolm was appointed a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam, he could now preach his perfect world to the world. Elijah Muhammad also gave him the job of establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan and Harlem, New York. Malcolm put in newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the whole of the United States. Malcolm was becoming a media target with crowds of people following and listening to what he had to say. Soon Malcolm was moving away from the nation of Islam, after having preached it most of his life. Muhammad Ali was the greatest boxer ever made, he was born with the name Cassius Clay but he changed his name to Muhammad Ali, after Elijah Muhammad, had giving it to him. As they thought that Cassius Clay was a slave's name, he did not want it anymore. When it came to being drafted to go and fight for the American army in the Vietnam War, Ali refused to go. It is said that if the drafting officer called him Muhammad Ali instead of Cassius Clay he would have gone to war. ...read more.


Malcolm X also formed the OAAU. Malcolm X may never have been famous if he wasn't assassinated, his role was to look after his people, bring people into the nation of Islam and into his way of thinking. Malcolm X and Martin Luther king are very different in ways. They were both black speakers and believed that they could change civil rights for the better. Malcolm X was a good speaker and had a lot of people listen to what he had to say. But he also used violence. He has grown up to hate white people because of the way he was treated when he was a child. Martin Luther king on the other hand didn't use violence to get his own way, he had many people listen to what he had to say as it was relevant to how they were all feeling, and agreed with him on most things. All three made an equal contribution, because without Malcolm X and Martin Luther King showing the world how badly they were treated how would Lyndon Johnson of known? Lyndon then done his best to make something that would help their future life. Without all three of them civil rights may not of changed much or maybe even more, but Malcolm X who had made himself who he is today, done all the threatening which did work in a way as something that he had dreamed of had come out and civil rights had been dealt with and they would now be equal to the white man. Martin Luther King, who went on his own instinct to become a hero the peaceful one as he didn't respond to threats and pain they looked stronger and as if they deserved to be treated fairly. Lyndon Johnson, made president, had made all the decisions and as he was on their side all the decisions were right, so with out all three of them who knows how bad life for black people couldn't of been. ?? ?? ?? ?? Rachel Lally 11W History coursework Mr Brady ...read more.

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