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Civil War

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Why did the Communists win the Civil War? * What influenced/attracted the people? * Were the communists better than the nationalists in terms of their military? * Include change in military tactics * Why did the nationalists lose? * Long term effects before 1945 * Chinese civil war--> 1945-1949 * Two sides The Chinese Civil War, one of the most prominent events in the Chinese History began at the end of World War II in 1945 up till October 1, 1949. The Civil War has since become a popular topic of debate, attracting many historians and politicians to argue over why the Communists ultimately overthrew the Nationalists, also known as the Kuomintang or Guomindang, and won the civil war. This essay will examine how the Communists, lead by Mao Tse Tung, starting off as a weak party, consolidated power through numerous ways such as their ideologies, economic, social, foreign and political aspects, their military tactics, as the cult of personality of the leaders. ...read more.


He understood the high rents and taxes and limited land that the peasants were given to produce crop, and how he could easily gain more support by pleasing them. He recognized the importance of their existence, as he once said "Without the poor peasants, there would be no revolution". Through mass propaganda campaigns and through his teachings of his policies during his stay in Yenang, he successfully conveyed his "land reform" policy, which attracted the support of the peasants in increasing numbers. His teachings to the Red Army force for respect of peasants, and not to offend them also increased support from the peasants, who were amazed by their actions of attempting to redistribute land. In addition to this, the Communist Party also had the support from intellectuals. ...read more.


Their pre-occupation with anti-Communist extermination campaigns caused discontent amongst the Chinese, because of the mess that the Japanese were creating in China. The Communists, conversely, had a policy of driving out the Japanese, in the belief that the Japanese were "foreign devils" with an official slogan "kill all, destroy all, burn all" and should be removed from the country, and this gained a lot of support from the Chinese because the Japanese were creating lots of chaos and havoc in China. The utmost result was that the Communist's fighting force, known as the "Red Army" were seen to be brave, full of determination, winning increasing support. This was a very important factor as it affected the Chinese community's attitude towards the two parties. The Red Army was also able to gain experience from the battle with the Japanese, increasing their military skills. Conclusion: ...read more.

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