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Civil War

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Civil War - Why did Parliament win? The civil war started when King Charles I raised his standard at Edgehill on October 1642. This was the first important battle of the Civil War and both sides claimed victory. At the start of the Civil War the Royalists (King Charles I side) was at a higher advantage than the Parliamentarians. The royalists had cavalry where Parliamentarians had not. King Charles had many supports in the North Western region of England, since there was many nobles who owned the land. ...read more.


However, the Earl of Essex also marched for London from Worcester. Their routes were almost parallel. On the 21st October they were 7 miles apart from each other. Prince Rupert realized the danger that Essex might attack, so persuaded Charles to organize his army on the slopes of Edgehill. Essex realized that Charles' army was near so they also stopped on the slopes. Both of them organized their infantry in the centre with cavalry on both sides. Musketeers were positioned on the edges to shoot against side tactics. ...read more.


The real military leaders would take their place. Also, the armies were to be combined and organized into a new army called the "New Model". A decree called the "Soldier's Catechism" was ordered stated the rules that the soldiers would obey. The army was planned in February 1645, and started being used in April 1645. Many soldiers were recruited and the army's number increased greatly. The Model Army consisted on 22,000 troop's altogether, with Sir Thomas Fairfax as the lord general. Oliver Cromwell was appointed General of Horse and led the cavalry. Overall, the Royalists had high advantage at the start of the war, but near the end, the Parliamentarians were improved and won the war. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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