• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold War, Berlin Wall Crisis-1961

Extracts from this document...


YEAR 12 HISTORY RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT By Ben Pike BERLIN WALL CRISIS-1961 The Berlin Wall Crisis in June 1961 was a key conflict during the Cold War, the Berlin Wall was a result of years of disagreement between superpowers America and the Soviet Union, or on a broader scale Capitalism and Communism. Following the Potsdam Conference, Berlin became a key point of conflict between the East and the West, as it lay well within the borders of Eastern Germany, controlled by the Soviet Union. According to Soviet Union leader Khrushchev this 'border control' resulted in the relieving of the German Democratic Republic's economy and restored discipline in East Germans lives. President Kennedy and the West also benefited, this came in the form of propaganda, images of death and escape from East Germany were used to promote capitalism as a superior social system. Ultimately the wall stopped the looming presence of war. At a domestic level the crisis resulted in families and friends in Berlin being broken apart and unable to contact each other. The crisis clearly transformed the Cold War, d�tente became evident in the superpower relationship after 1961. The Berlin Wall Crisis changed the Cold War, and left its mark on the Berlin population for decades after the actual crisis ended, the Berlin Wall didn't fall until 1990. ...read more.


The West protested against the construction of the wall, but did not take any military action. Even though the Berlin Wall Crisis was of great significance in the Cold War, it did not have a great domestic impact outside of Germany and more significantly Berlin. After the construction of the wall West Berliners felt abandoned and isolated. Led by Mayor Brandt, residents of West Berlin demonstrated at the wall, Brandt also criticised the US for failing to respond to the breaking of all prior agreements promoting free access throughout Berlin. America was aware that West Berlin was completely surrounded by the Soviet Union, and realistically was only defendable by nuclear weapons. Kennedy responded to the drop in morale on the 16th of August by giving the order for a show of strength by marching 1500 men into West Berlin from West Germany. East German police and soldiers observed and took a head count, but did nothing to stop the columns proceeding. The reinforcements brought a sense of relief to the West Berliners, it appeared that America had stood by her promise to not permit the communists taking over Berlin. Russia also moved 5 divisions of troops in a covert operation to the Berlin Area. ...read more.


The barrier relieved tensions between the nations, and stoped suspicions of a military takeover of West Berlin. From America's perspective, the wall meant that Khrushchev wasn't planning a forceful occupation of Berlin. President Kennedy summarised the Berlin Wall, "It's not a very nice solution, but a wall is a hell of a lot better than a war". The Berlin Wall Crisis, a flashpoint in the Cold War and the resulting construction of the Berlin Wall, was a major point of conflict and resolution between the United States and the Soviet Union. The wall created a major disruption for residents of Berlin, particularly East Berliners, but became a positive outcome for the rest of the world. Military conflict between the superpowers was avoided by the 96 miles of 13ft wall that enclosed West Berlin. It solved the Eastern Bloc's loss of valuable human capital and subsequent economic problems and also meant Khrushchev could maintain the allusion of the Soviets having vast amounts of nuclear weaponry. America did not protest to heavily as it gave them a point of propaganda against communism, Kennedy was able to keep his promise to not let West Berlin fall, and a devastating war was avoided. The outcome of the Berlin Wall Crisis was a significant decrease in hostilities between the world's superpowers, through the simplicity of a physical barrier. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How did the Cold War begin?

    On August 23, 1939, The Nazi Soviet Non-Agression Pact was signed by Ribbentrop and Molotov, . "Publicly, this agreement stated that the two countries - Germany and the Soviet Union - would not attack each other. If there were ever a problem between the two countries, it was to be handled amicably."

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    robbers as there was a shortage of law enforcement officers and those few who did exist were usually miles away from the crime scene. Many of these robbers were ex-confederate guerrilla fighters who turned to a life of crime at the end of the American Civil war taking advantage of the lawless situation of most early towns in the West.

  1. Why Did They Build The Berlin Wall In 1961?

    this may of lead to the wall being built to stop people leaving and to keep each other away because of the tension and conflict. 1945 America dropped an atomic bomb on Japan which started to round of the war between Japan and America.

  2. Arab-Israeli Conflict

    His behaviour also led to war in 1967. However, in 1970, Nasser died, so he couldn't provoke war in 1973. Instead, the Arabs raised the price of oil, thereby affecting the world's economy. For these reasons, I believe that oil was not the only factor which caused the three wars between the Arabs and Israel.

  1. What is the Evidence for the Roman Occupation of the Antonine Wall?

    He states that in the west a road ran beyond the Wall along the north bank of the Clyde and probably led to a harbour at Dumbarton, above which the river was not then navigable.

  2. Gallic war

    Generals such as Pompey, Caesar, Antony and Octavian showed that political power came from control of successful armies. * Successful generals used threat of their armies to achieve greater political power. * Veterans became important (e.g. in terms of their loyalty)

  1. Nazi Germany

    The Role of Women in Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler had a very traditional view of what the German wife and mother should resemble. They should be good mothers bringing up children at home while their husbands worked. Hitler saw no reason why a woman should have to work and therefore

  2. What Reasons Did The HSCA Have in 1979 for Suggesting That President Kennedy Was ...

    Ten seconds after the first shot was heard, the car carrying the president accelerated off to the nearby hospital of Parkland Memorial. Within 5 minutes Governor Connally and the President reached the hospital, and were taken to separate emergency rooms.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work