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Colonialism and Different types of colonies.

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Nat 06 Feb 07 Grade 10C History Colonialism Definition: Colonialism is the extension of a nation's rule over territory beyond their borders. Colonizing countries usually control and exploit the resources, labour and markets of the colonized. Different types of colonies: Settler colonies: established by moving large number of people from a mother country to the country. The people settle down there and make a home for themselves often pushing the natives to undesirable land. Examples of settler colonies are New Zealand, Canada, The United States of America and Australia. This map shows some of the settler colonies (highlighted in red) Exploitation Colonies: Most of these colonies are set up by private companies such as the Dutch East India Company or the British East India Company. The colonizer doesn't usually stay for long just staying long enough to get resources of the country or to enhance their country's power. Some examples exploitation colonies are India, Tunisia, and Indonesia. ...read more.


Colonialism was led by the Portuguese and the Spanish in the exploration of the new world (the Americas) and the coast of Asia and Africa * 17th century: England, France, the Netherlands and other European countries had finally established their overseas empires. * Late 18th - early 19th century: first era of decolonization. America gaining independence from colonizers. Spanish and Portuguese Empire weakening. Other European countries trying to get colonies in Asia and Africa. * 19th century: Industrialism and the growing economies led to imperialism and European countries fighting for colonies in Africa. The winners of World War I distributed the loser's colonies among themselves. * After World War II: Decolonization, most colonies gained independence but still are influenced by the colonizers, this is called Neocolonialism. Ian Smith: Ian Smith (born 1919) is a British man who was the Prime Minister of South Rhodesia one of the UK's exploitation colonies which turned into a settler colony. He tried to gain independence for South Rhodesia and when that was declined he set up a party for election. ...read more.


Colonialism also causes the colony to become more developed and westernized. The colonizer influences the colony's trade, cultures, language and lifestyle. When the colonizer leaves mostly they keep up that lifestyle because they are used to it already. Some people who were born during the time when it was a colony wouldn't even know life before the colonizer. A colony makes a colonizer more powerful, it gives the colonizer resources, laborers and the control of trade. Colonizers might find many resources in their colony and taking it for themselves instead of leaving it for the people who they belong to. The amount of colonies a country had represented the amount of power that they had. This is because if you invaded and are able to control a lot of colonies that means your country must be strong. I think that colonialism is bad because it doesn't let the people of the country make their own decisions. It also looks upon those countries as if they were just something to take instead of a country. Mostly colonialism is bad for the colony but there are some things that are good. ...read more.

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