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Conflict in Ireland

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Introduction

MODERN WORLD STUDY: Conflict in Ireland INTRODUCTION: Throughout this piece of coursework, I will be investigating the history of conflict in Ireland, and which events helped shape the course of it in the 20th century. Question one will see me analysing and writing about the impact of three major events on the history of conflict in Ireland. These are... (a) The Easter Rising in 1916. (b) The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland, 1969. (c) Burntollet Bridge, 1969. Question 2 will see me analysing the events that occurred on the 30th January 1972 in Derry, which became known as 'Bloody Sunday'. I will be answering the question 'Why have these events produced such different historical interpretations?' and I will be using to various sources and any other interpretations of the events from my studies. Question 1 The Easter Rising, 1916 The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's history. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the turning point in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. It began on an Easter Monday, April 24th 1916 when a force estimated between 1,000 and 1500 Irishmen and women with the intention of abolishing British rule in Ireland to create independence tried to seize Dublin. The two main leaders, Patrick Pearse and James Connolly knew that their chances were incredibly slim as to be almost non-existent. However they still fought, and they still died. ...read more.

Middle

fell from 68 seats to just 7. Sinn Fein had won because Irish voters now wanted a greater measure of independence than the limited self-government on offer from the IPP. Not forgetting the increased support and recruits due to what the rebels fought for in the Easter Rising. The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland, 1969 The deployment of British Troops in Northern Ireland sparked a flurry of repercussions, one of the main and most serious consequences being the newly re-emerged IRA. Summer marching season was approaching and tension was rising. It was the Londonderry Apprentice Boys' march that the people of the Catholic Bogside area were fearing the most because of the long track record of violence, usually between rival loyalist and republican gangs after the march had passed the controversial area, which was along the walls of the city where marchers could look down on the Catholic Bogside and Creggan. Although the battle, which became known as the Battle of Bogside, started being relatively peaceful, it soon broke into a riot. The violence soon spread to other towns and was the most serious in Belfast. When the Nationalists created disturbances elsewhere in the Province, it was the Catholics of Belfast who faced the reprisals. In that year alone, the total number of deaths was ten, with a further 154 gunshot wounds and 745 other injuries. Sixteen factories were burned and 170 homes wrecked, with 1800 families being forced out of their homes. ...read more.

Conclusion

Soon after the events, he called an election to gather what supports he did have from the Catholic and Protestant middle classes. He did win, but not convincingly. It was the hardliners who were dictating the pace in Northern Ireland now. After the frequent civil rights marches and violence in April, O 'Neill resigned and was replaced by James Chichester-Clark. CONCLUSION: After looking at three major events, which changed the course of Irish history, I have come to the conclusion that all three had big impacts on the history of conflict in Ireland. The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's history. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and although they failed to win, it was the turning point in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. Burntollet Bridge also had a big impact on Irish history, as it was the events at Burntollet, which sparked off intense violence and riots, especially in Belfast, which led to the deployment of British troops. The British army, at first considered heroes, soon became seen as the 'bad guys' and a newly reformed Provisonal IRA wanted war with them. This sparked conflict between the two groups of the IRA; Provisional and Official IRA, as the Official IRA wanted to unite Ireland through peaceful methods, whereas the Provisional IRA believed violence to be the only way. The British army became public enemy number 1 and huge conflict became prominent between them and the Provisional IRA as the IRA wanted to rid Northern Ireland of the British impostors to gain independence. Overall, all three events did not unite Ireland but they did gain Ireland some independence from Britain. ...read more.

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