• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Conflict in Ireland

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

MODERN WORLD STUDY: Conflict in Ireland INTRODUCTION: Throughout this piece of coursework, I will be investigating the history of conflict in Ireland, and which events helped shape the course of it in the 20th century. Question one will see me analysing and writing about the impact of three major events on the history of conflict in Ireland. These are... (a) The Easter Rising in 1916. (b) The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland, 1969. (c) Burntollet Bridge, 1969. Question 2 will see me analysing the events that occurred on the 30th January 1972 in Derry, which became known as 'Bloody Sunday'. I will be answering the question 'Why have these events produced such different historical interpretations?' and I will be using to various sources and any other interpretations of the events from my studies. Question 1 The Easter Rising, 1916 The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's history. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the turning point in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. It began on an Easter Monday, April 24th 1916 when a force estimated between 1,000 and 1500 Irishmen and women with the intention of abolishing British rule in Ireland to create independence tried to seize Dublin. The two main leaders, Patrick Pearse and James Connolly knew that their chances were incredibly slim as to be almost non-existent. However they still fought, and they still died. ...read more.

Middle

fell from 68 seats to just 7. Sinn Fein had won because Irish voters now wanted a greater measure of independence than the limited self-government on offer from the IPP. Not forgetting the increased support and recruits due to what the rebels fought for in the Easter Rising. The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland, 1969 The deployment of British Troops in Northern Ireland sparked a flurry of repercussions, one of the main and most serious consequences being the newly re-emerged IRA. Summer marching season was approaching and tension was rising. It was the Londonderry Apprentice Boys' march that the people of the Catholic Bogside area were fearing the most because of the long track record of violence, usually between rival loyalist and republican gangs after the march had passed the controversial area, which was along the walls of the city where marchers could look down on the Catholic Bogside and Creggan. Although the battle, which became known as the Battle of Bogside, started being relatively peaceful, it soon broke into a riot. The violence soon spread to other towns and was the most serious in Belfast. When the Nationalists created disturbances elsewhere in the Province, it was the Catholics of Belfast who faced the reprisals. In that year alone, the total number of deaths was ten, with a further 154 gunshot wounds and 745 other injuries. Sixteen factories were burned and 170 homes wrecked, with 1800 families being forced out of their homes. ...read more.

Conclusion

Soon after the events, he called an election to gather what supports he did have from the Catholic and Protestant middle classes. He did win, but not convincingly. It was the hardliners who were dictating the pace in Northern Ireland now. After the frequent civil rights marches and violence in April, O 'Neill resigned and was replaced by James Chichester-Clark. CONCLUSION: After looking at three major events, which changed the course of Irish history, I have come to the conclusion that all three had big impacts on the history of conflict in Ireland. The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's history. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and although they failed to win, it was the turning point in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. Burntollet Bridge also had a big impact on Irish history, as it was the events at Burntollet, which sparked off intense violence and riots, especially in Belfast, which led to the deployment of British troops. The British army, at first considered heroes, soon became seen as the 'bad guys' and a newly reformed Provisonal IRA wanted war with them. This sparked conflict between the two groups of the IRA; Provisional and Official IRA, as the Official IRA wanted to unite Ireland through peaceful methods, whereas the Provisional IRA believed violence to be the only way. The British army became public enemy number 1 and huge conflict became prominent between them and the Provisional IRA as the IRA wanted to rid Northern Ireland of the British impostors to gain independence. Overall, all three events did not unite Ireland but they did gain Ireland some independence from Britain. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Conflict in Ireland

    who did not want the Catholic minority to have a say in the running of Northern Ireland. There were also some extreme Nationalists who did not want to share power either; they wanted Northern Ireland to be destroyed thus creating a united Ireland.

  2. The Easter Rising.

    Nearly all the arrests made, about 1600 by December 1971, were Catholics. The Provisionals who posed as the defenders of Catholics were soon controlling Catholic streets and these became 'no-go' areas for the police and army. The Protestants had soldiers too, the Ulster Volunteer Force and a new group called the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    The most important demand was--"One man, one vote"--because the system worked. In Northern Ireland, that at the lowest level, the only people who had the vote were those who paid local taxes or rates, as they were called. And because Catholics tended to be more poor in the Protestant community,

  2. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    By January 1913, Ulster augmented their resistance through the formation of the UVF (The Ulster Volunteer force). By June of that year, the UVF had obtained around 50,000 members, yet almost a year later they boasted around double that figure.

  1. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    and they wished the island of Ireland to be independent from the British Empire, so refusing the seats cut their ties with England. By this time the Protestants were getting so worried about the support Sinn Fein received that many more began joining the UVF and many similar parties making the violence increase even more.

  2. Co-operation and Conflict - Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

    As time approached to the World War 1 the Nationalists planned to force the British Government to set up a Parliament in Ireland. Fenians had again taken part in the fight for independency and this time surprisingly won the battle for a republic Ireland.

  1. The Real IRA

    It seems as though the government has adopted and dismissed many acts and ordinances over the years with respect to the problem of terror control. In his book, Terrorism, Jonathan White examines the "Evolution of Security Tactics" in Northern Ireland.

  2. In what ways did the Irish Question change between 1800 and 1922?

    kind of change in case it led to factors beyond their control, such as Revolution; therefore the Parliament Act, 1911 had to force through Home Rule. Despite Parnell's mistakes he did gain some achievements in which he was able to convince the majority of Irish People that Home Rule was

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work