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Conflict in Ireland.

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Introduction

Ireland There has been conflict in Ireland for hundreds of years. These disputes are mostly down to the want of power between religions. The Catholics were originally in charge of Ireland, before the Protestants tried to take over from Britain. The division between the two religions caused a lot of violence which lead to many consequences. The battle of Boyne was the first dispute between Catholics and Protestants, which was caused when King James tried to increase Catholics power in Ireland and attacked the Protestants. However, this didn't stop the conflict as Catholics felt isolated and underprivileged, which soon lead to more violence. The partition then took place, as another solution to end the disputes between Catholics and Protestants. As the Partition failed to succeed, the bloody Sunday took place, where 13 marchers were consequently killed. All three of these events are the results of the conflict between the two religions of Protestants and Catholics. The battle of Boyne took place in 1988-89, which was caused by the catholic and new king, James. The parliament at the time, were Protestants and felt that James would try to attack protestant faith, and lead without the parliament. This caused the parliament to rebel against him, and to protect their liberty, deposed him. The nobles then asked James's daughter, and her husband William of Orange to rule. ...read more.

Middle

However, Later George turned his attention to Ireland. He had some empathy towards the Protestants, but he had no time or violence, or law breaking, causing him to send troops into Ireland from Britain. His plan was to crush the IRA, reach an acceptable deal with the Catholics and then plan a settlement with Sinn Fein. However, this didn't go as well as he hoped. This was because the troops from Britain couldn't defeat the IRA, and also because Lloyd George couldn't settle an agreement with the Catholics. Lloyd George soon changed his plans of conflict with Ireland, when his allies, America, did not approve. The first agreement Lloyd George made was that the remaining 26 countries would become self governing, with a parliament in Dublin. Also, Britain would keep control of issues such as the military, naval facilities etc, and Ulster's 9 counties would become self governed and named Northern Ireland. Protestants reluctantly accepted this Act. It was a disappointment to them that the whole of Ireland would not remain as part of the United Kingdom. However, they were afraid that the London government would give in to the Catholics. The main issue for the Protestants was which counties would be in the new state of Northern Ireland. Many Protestants wanted it to be all nine counties which belonged to Britain, however, this would have created an even bigger conflict with the Catholics. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to these civilian testimonies none of those killed or injured had any guns or bombs. The inquiry which was soon followed was lead by Lord Widgery who criticized the shooting by the troops 'boarding on reckless, and no action was taken against the soldiers. The controversy was still raging 26years later as they felt it was a 'white wash' and a cover up and the current Prime minister, Tony Blair, announced a new inquiry. The events of 'Bloody Sunday' caused a lot of shock and revulsion at an international level and the killings resulted in an increase of support for the Catholics in general. The strength of feeling was demonstrated when a crowd of protestors burnt the British embassy in Dublin on 2 February 1972. These events also strengthened the argument and more lead to more violence causing the British to send more troops to Ireland. Catholics felt that defending their communities was no longer enough and wanted the IRA to attack and push the British out of Ireland all together. All three of these events which took place due to the dispute between Catholics and Protestants, are clearly important. However, out of the three events I talked about, Partition was the most important as it set up a long term consequence, and it also gave a solution to the dispute. It's also important because without the Partition, disagreements wouldn't have been made, and the bloody Sunday wouldn't have taken place. ...read more.

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