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Consider a range of factors which led to the Cold War

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SOSE ESSAY Ideological Differences Historians have pointed out that there have been many ideological rivalries due to many other contributing factors such as the breakdown of wartime alliances and feelings of mistrust that have contributed to the Cold War. As for ideological differences, the U.S.A believed in a free and ?just? government (democracy) whereas the USSR used dictatorship to rule the nation (communism). There has been opposing ideologies as the Americans chose their government by conducting free elections, where any citizens of U.S. can vote for leaders. The USSR however, believed that the communist party is the only type of government that is ?worth? leading their nation. The communist party has one leader who has the power to control the nation and is considered as dictatorship. U.S.A?s wealth was created from capitalism where businesses/farms are owned by private people and trades through a market economy while the Russians used communism as their ?central pillar? to create their wealth. This meant that businesses and farms were owned by the state and run by the government for the benefit of the society. ...read more.


The mistrust between the east and west were evident from the start of World War II. The west (France, Britain and U.S.A) and USSR had become allies to uproot their common enemy ? Nazi Germany. After the destruction of Germany, the super powers then turn their backs to each other to create a world of their own makings, one that included the spread of their particular ideology which was a key cause to the Cold War. The key event between the two superpowers took place in the Yalta conference in February 1945. The purpose of this conference was to decide what to do with Germany after its defeat. During the time, both U.S and the USSR had made agreements in a civil manner and the Soviet Union even promised to join the U.N (United Nations). However, this friendship did not last for too long, as both the superpowers started clashing against each other to secure their position in the race to ultimate domination. Historians consider this even as the major event that had set spark to the start of the Cold War. ...read more.


According to sources, straight after the Potsdam conference, Stalin deployed Soviet scientists to create their own nuclear weapon. As Germany fell, capturing more scientists who had worked on the Nazi German atomic bomb was a vital task for both U.S.A (launched operation paperclip) and U.S.S.R. In the end, both succeeded to a degree: the Red Army had captured the Kaiser Wilhelm Research facility in Berlin and most of its scientists whilst others fled or were captured by the United States. These helped the countries with their nuclear programs significantly. Then again, Stalin had seen the dropping of the atomic bomb more directed at the U.S.S.R than the Japanese. In February 1945, his ?Bolsher speech? blamed America of using the atomic bomb to increase Imperialism. In spite of this, historians have developed a possibility which clearly show that Truman had decided that he was ?sick of babying the Soviets?. Former president, Roosevelt had asked for the Red Army?s help in the Pacific because America had not come up with the atomic bomb, but as soon as this changed, Truman (then president) believed that he could take the Japanese single handed. His intents were to not let the Soviets come in to the war to occupy more land (Manchuria and North Korea). ...read more.

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