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Contribution to the Industrial Revolution

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Contribution to the Industrial Revolution The general pattern in the Industrial Revolution was that inventions were refined and refined continuously, till they were the most perfect machines around. Many of the key people at the time, simply took working machines and made the machines simpler to operate and to manage, or make the machine more efficient. The key people also got a financial backer then started producing their machine An example of this is the pairing of Boulton and Watt. What Watt had done was to take an invention of the inventor, Thomas Newcomen [steam engine], then simply added parts, and started to redesign the whole machine. All what Watt did was to make the motion of the original steam engine [up and down], turn rotary and clockwise/anti-clockwise. They then simply started showing their machine to factory owners around the country. The factory owners wanted the machine, because the machine was more efficient [used less fuel compared to the power it gave as it's product] than the Thomas Newcomen steam engine. ...read more.


This speeded up the process slightly. Richard Arkwright was another person who simply refined another inventor's idea. His machine was a refinement of the "spinning jenny." The main flaw with this machine was that it was extremely complicated to run, and that it made weaker thread, but the quality of the thread was high. Arkwright's machine tried to speed up the process of spinning yarn and making a strong thread. His machine was less complicated to run but needed to be run by horses. This machine made stronger thread but not at the quality as the "spinning jenny." His machine was called the "spinning frame" Then later on, Arkwright upgraded his machine to be run on water. This new machine was called the "water frame". This machine used the waterwheel to mimic horsepower. In 1769 to protect both machines, Arkwright got a patent. This meant that Arkwright could dictate the prices for his machines and still be in demand [nobody could make his machine without his consent]. ...read more.


Using coke meant that the design of the furnace machines needed to be changed. So Darby built a new furnace, which supported using coke. His machine only took off, thanks to the steam engine and the railway. His iron was perfect for what was needed in the design of the train. Trains needed a metal, which could take high temperatures in the engine. So in 1802, his great-great grandson created the first railway locomotive made of iron with a high-pressure boiler for Richard Trevithick [an English engineer and inventor]. His machine helped pave the way forward for the railway plus the whole of the Industrial Revolution. All three of these men helped push forward the Industrial Revolution. All their machines helped pull the Revolution together [e.g. Arkwright - positioning of mills, Boulton of Watt - freeing factories from next to rivers/canals, Darby - material needed for the locomotives which fuelled the Industrial Revolution]. But these simply did not think in the manner of the inventor. They were all businessmen. The true inventors were people like William Murdoch, Thomas Newcomen etc, who made the original concept of their machines, not refining someone else's machine. ...read more.

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