Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Document length: 1817 words

Cuban Missile Crisis Sources Questions.

Do not show me this again

Are you in the right place?

Jump to History and see how teachers think you should prepare in:

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Cuban Missile Crisis Sources Questions. 1. Sources A and B tell us a lot about Kennedy's reaction to the U2 spy photos. In source A, President Kennedy asks his brother Robert, the author of the source, to come to the White House. This shows that the President needed moral support, indicating that he was worried about what the U2 photos showed. Source B shows the range of the missiles. This must have been of great concern to Kennedy, because most of the USA, including Washington, was within range of long or short ranged missiles based on Cuba. Source B also shows that more Soviet missile-carrying ships were en route, which must have prompted Kennedy to consider what action he was going to take. 2. Kennedy knew that some kind of action was needed to reassure the public, and this is shown to be what the general feeling at the time in source C. To do nothing would mean the threat of missile attack would not be eliminated. It would also be very unpopular in the USA, especially as Kennedy was still considered by some to be 'soft' on communism, especially after Berlin. As it says in source C, 80 million Americans could be killed. It also states that air strikes were being considered, but Kennedy must have turned this option down. ...read more.

Middle

Kennedy seemed weak because he could do nothing to stop the building of the wall, despite his best efforts. After this both leaders tried to prove their strength, with more nuclear weapons tests and eventually the Cuban Missile crisis. Therefore, both sides are to blame for the crisis. Bad relations with the US meant that Cuba needed support, and it eventually turned to the USSR. In return, the USSR placed missiles on Cuba. This was retaliation for the US having missiles in Italy and Turkey, so again both sides are to blame. These more important issues are not really talked about in the two sources. 4. The Cuban missile crisis was settled after thirteen days. Source G is from a letter from President Kennedy to Khrushchev, agreeing that a solution is needed quickly. Source H is the reply to Kennedy from Khrushchev, agreeing to stop missile base building on Cuba and also to return all nuclear weapons to the USSR. Letter writing was the main form of communication between the two leaders in the crisis, and the wording of the letters was very important. In these two letters, the vocabulary used gives an impression of civility and respect to the other leader. Source I is from a book written in 1980, and talks about how Kennedy had won. This is a biased view, as a US historian wrote the source. It is because of this that the source is of certain use. ...read more.

Conclusion

An example of this is the fact that that Soviet ships didn't challenge the US blockade around Cuba. Some people considered this to mean that the US has strategic superiority over the USSR, and some may even say that Khrushchev was afraid of US retaliation if there was war between the two sides. However, this argument could be turned around and used to support the view of Soviet victory. For Kennedy too was wary of starting war with the USSR. An argument for Soviet victory is that Castro was still in power after the crisis. The US response to the crisis had failed to remove Fidel Castro, the Cuban dictator who had nationalised many US businesses after he came to power. Cuba had once been a place where rich Americans went on holiday. Khrushchev still had an ally in a small island only 90 miles off the coast of Florida. There was also a U2 spy plane shot down over Cuba, something the US could not retaliate for. All US missiles were removed from Turkey and Italy three months after the crisis. This could be further evidence of Soviet victory in the crisis, although it is actually an example of cooperation between the two superpowers, which occurred after the crisis. Both sources take the view that their own country won the crisis, although the real answer is in between. Either view from the sources can be argued successfully with the reasons I suggested. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Officials worked out, from the photos of the spy planes, that 80 million people would be dead in America within 17 minutes if Cuba used these weapons against America. Source B2 shows the strike range of the Soviet missiles on Cuba.

  2. How far was the Cuban Missile Crisis the most important event during the period ...

    The Korean War links well to the Berlin wall. The common link is that there is a physical division that symbolises the division between democracy and communism. I think that this shows how communism was being fought against. However, the two events have many differences. Such as the why the divisions were there.

  1. Suez crisis 03 coarsework source evaluation

    He is trying to threaten an Egyptian sailor . Eden says, "If you don't give it back, I'll shoot, "this statement does not distinguish who he will shoot but the picture shows that he will shoot himself. This is expressing the point that Eden has no control of the situation and that he cannot do anything about it.

  2. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in Relations between the Superpowers?

    In 1968 Richard M. Nixon (1913 - 1994) took over presidency from Johnson. He made an agreement with Brezhnev to limit the spread of 'strategic' nuclear weapons. The path in which these actions came in to play from was the '1972 strategic Arms Limitation Talks' otherwise known as SALT.

  1. Suez Canal Crisis

    Colonel Nasser is also much bigger in stature than Sir Eden, who looks skinny and weak. This depicts the fact that Egypt was the stronger side. It seems as though Nasser is controlling the movements of Sir Eden, and has forced him to threaten him with suicide.

  2. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a Success for Containment?

    Here is a diagram showing the range of the nuclear missiles on Cuba. Mark Baptist Page 1 24/11/02 Mark Baptist Page 2 24/11/02 You can see America would have been very worried because Cuba could reach nearly all of the main cities.

  1. Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    The policy of containment had been shown not to be working, thus proved a failure when the thousand paratroopers where massacred by the guerrilla army at the Bay of Pigs. Cuba was communist country, fully in support of Russia close to America.

  2. Decolonization of India - analysing the sources.

    Source E states, "some communities demanded more autonomy," whilst others, "demanded to be independent from India." So as you can see gaining freedom has caused a minor political instability in India which is hidden amongst the other issues which India faces as a nation. Source F (Essay, India after Independence)

  • Over 180,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.

Do not show me this again

Are you in the right place?

Jump to History and see how teachers think you should prepare in: