• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cuban Missile Crisis Sources Questions.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Cuban Missile Crisis Sources Questions. 1. Sources A and B tell us a lot about Kennedy's reaction to the U2 spy photos. In source A, President Kennedy asks his brother Robert, the author of the source, to come to the White House. This shows that the President needed moral support, indicating that he was worried about what the U2 photos showed. Source B shows the range of the missiles. This must have been of great concern to Kennedy, because most of the USA, including Washington, was within range of long or short ranged missiles based on Cuba. Source B also shows that more Soviet missile-carrying ships were en route, which must have prompted Kennedy to consider what action he was going to take. 2. Kennedy knew that some kind of action was needed to reassure the public, and this is shown to be what the general feeling at the time in source C. To do nothing would mean the threat of missile attack would not be eliminated. It would also be very unpopular in the USA, especially as Kennedy was still considered by some to be 'soft' on communism, especially after Berlin. As it says in source C, 80 million Americans could be killed. It also states that air strikes were being considered, but Kennedy must have turned this option down. ...read more.

Middle

Kennedy seemed weak because he could do nothing to stop the building of the wall, despite his best efforts. After this both leaders tried to prove their strength, with more nuclear weapons tests and eventually the Cuban Missile crisis. Therefore, both sides are to blame for the crisis. Bad relations with the US meant that Cuba needed support, and it eventually turned to the USSR. In return, the USSR placed missiles on Cuba. This was retaliation for the US having missiles in Italy and Turkey, so again both sides are to blame. These more important issues are not really talked about in the two sources. 4. The Cuban missile crisis was settled after thirteen days. Source G is from a letter from President Kennedy to Khrushchev, agreeing that a solution is needed quickly. Source H is the reply to Kennedy from Khrushchev, agreeing to stop missile base building on Cuba and also to return all nuclear weapons to the USSR. Letter writing was the main form of communication between the two leaders in the crisis, and the wording of the letters was very important. In these two letters, the vocabulary used gives an impression of civility and respect to the other leader. Source I is from a book written in 1980, and talks about how Kennedy had won. This is a biased view, as a US historian wrote the source. It is because of this that the source is of certain use. ...read more.

Conclusion

An example of this is the fact that that Soviet ships didn't challenge the US blockade around Cuba. Some people considered this to mean that the US has strategic superiority over the USSR, and some may even say that Khrushchev was afraid of US retaliation if there was war between the two sides. However, this argument could be turned around and used to support the view of Soviet victory. For Kennedy too was wary of starting war with the USSR. An argument for Soviet victory is that Castro was still in power after the crisis. The US response to the crisis had failed to remove Fidel Castro, the Cuban dictator who had nationalised many US businesses after he came to power. Cuba had once been a place where rich Americans went on holiday. Khrushchev still had an ally in a small island only 90 miles off the coast of Florida. There was also a U2 spy plane shot down over Cuba, something the US could not retaliate for. All US missiles were removed from Turkey and Italy three months after the crisis. This could be further evidence of Soviet victory in the crisis, although it is actually an example of cooperation between the two superpowers, which occurred after the crisis. Both sources take the view that their own country won the crisis, although the real answer is in between. Either view from the sources can be argued successfully with the reasons I suggested. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Suez Canal Crisis

    Of course Nasser would not see the point in this as what would it matter to him if Sir Eden killed himself? Although both sources are a good to show how much support Nasser was getting they are not completely reliable.

  2. Cuban Missile Crisis Sources Questions

    As soon as the missiles showed up on the Russian radar, however, a Soviet nuclear response would have been inevitable. Escalation of the Crisis to war status was not an option by any means, so the first three responses were considered improper.

  1. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a Success for Containment?

    Here is a diagram showing the range of the nuclear missiles on Cuba. Mark Baptist Page 1 24/11/02 Mark Baptist Page 2 24/11/02 You can see America would have been very worried because Cuba could reach nearly all of the main cities.

  2. History Cuba Missile Crisis

    and to maintain their right of a quarter of the city each as they had decided in previous meetings of the Big Four. In 1959 the Soviet Union withdrew its deadline and instead met with the USA in a Big Four (USA, USSR, France and Great Britain)

  1. Cuban missile crisis.

    Source C is an extract from Robert Kennedy's book 13 Days. It explains more reasons for the blockade, including valuable insights as to what went on behind the scenes, because Robert Kennedy was the Presidents adviser as well as his brother.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Another key feature was that USA and GBR agreed that Stalin could have a soviet sphere of influence over Eastern Europe as he already claimed numerous territories amongst Eastern Europe. The western superpowers wanted Stalin to keep his communism expansion contained to only Eastern Europe and not Western Europe.

  1. Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    The American supported invasion which ended at the Bay of Pigs demonstrated Kennedy?s inability to limit the spread of communism, even on its own doorstep.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    * Politics - Both sides engaged in practices that were against their stated philosophies. Eg - Soviet devoted resources to development of elite athletes to beat Americans - against communism's basic tenet of equality. America violated core values of democratic philosophy during MacCartyh era of 1950s.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work