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Decolonization of India - analysing the sources.

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Introduction

Decolonization Of India - Sourced As of August 15th, 1947 India rightfully attained freedom after 200 years of British Raj. Rebellious attacks from Nationalists go back to 1857; when India fought its first war of Independence but it was not until after World War 2 which ended in 1945 that India successfully accomplished an alteration in constitution. There were many other motives which date prior to WW2 that significantly influenced the occurrence of this event. In 1857, the Indian rebellion (first war of independence occurred) where the 'sepoys' (Indian soldiers) rebelled due to racism and discrimination they incurred from British soldiers. Source A (Wikipedia, Causes of the Indian Rebellion) suggests that the British issued gun powder cartridges which insulted both Hindus and Muslims. Factors such as this led to the cause of India's first ever rebellion against the British. After consistent failure to achieve freedom, Source B (Paul, S. ...read more.

Middle

This weakened the economy of Britain and provided India with a chance to attain freedom with a renewed mass campaign by the Congress. Source C further informs us that the Britain's, "officials were exhausted and troops were lacking". With this weakness, the British were not strong enough to stay their empowerment over India and hence announced India freedom. Source D (Blurtit) details that as well as the weakening of Britain's strength, they owed a total of 1300 million pounds to India due to which they were financially unstable. At midnight on 14th August great Britain granted freedom to Pakistan (also modern Bangladesh) and the following day India was granted Independence (15th August, 1947). Following Independence, many people still theorized that the British ruled India for another 3 years as India adopted a republican constitution in 1950. After India's Independence, Source E (Adenial, Tripod) discuss' that India has faced many political issues. ...read more.

Conclusion

Before Independence, people of lower castes were often mistreated and not accredited to marry someone of a higher class or do work other than labour. So as you can see India's freedom and independence has brought many changes which have impacted both positively and negatively. By reading this essay, it is understandable that India did not mind being governed by a foreign body, but due to the discrimination and racism, they the sepoys initiated a Rebellion. Educated Indian's learnt that the British were successfully stealing India's precious wealth and through increased taxes and unfair trade practices. All in all they took away 1300 million pounds from India. It was too late when the Indian population realized but with the weakening of Britain's imperial system after the World War 2, India broke free and redeemed Independence before further damage was done. India is now a nation which has been 'drained of all its wealth' but manages to successfully resolve their issues amongst ourselves and is advancing at an alarming speed. ...read more.

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