• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday agreement of 1998. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still show open hostilities towards each other. With reference to the following events can you explain why?

Extracts from this document...


Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday agreement of 1998. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still show open hostilities towards each other. With reference to the following events can you explain why? Objective 1 1. The Easter rising of 1916 and its aftermath to 1922 2. Civil rights marches and Bloody Sunday 3. The Enniskillen Bomb 4. The Omagh bomb Nationalist and Unionist views vary extremely, even within their own parties. Extremists on either side simply refuse to agree with each other. For example the DUP will simply not sit and negotiate with Sinn Fein, and the IRA will not negotiate with any unionist party. However the majority will sit together and talk, despite the extremist views. Neither side has complete control over extremists. In recent months disarming is a big issue; Sinn Fein is on the brink of being removed from the executive assembly because they have failed to persuade the IRA to disarm. The unionist parties firmly believe that Sinn Fein and the IRA are one and the same. So when an IRA weapons dump was discovered in a raid, revealing up to date weapons, Sinn Fein was publicly attacked, despite having nothing to do with the dump. ...read more.


Unionists, generally, however, see the whole thing differently; they see the 1916 rebellion as a betrayal of nationalists to Britain. Often they say that 'Ulstermen were dying in the Somme for Britain, but Nationalists rebelled. They continually use it as an example of nationalist untrustworthiness. To them the black and tans were just and saved Ireland. It proved that they had no place in a catholic Ireland. They feel that the partition of Ireland was their only option. The civil right s marches of 1972 and bloody Sunday hold their different views. Nationalists see the marches as the start or reform, after years of suppression and oppression by the government and slow reforms. Nationalists on the whole, see Bloody Sunday as a tragic event, and a betrayal of the British Government. Extremists see it as pre meditated murder of innocents. Both factions draw parallels to the black and tans and the Army. Extreme nationalists see Bloody Sunday as a reason to fight unionism. Nationalists all over Ireland saw the army as a second wave of the black and tans. The Unionists however see the civil rights marchers as a front for nationalism. ...read more.


The Nationalists likewise will not stop until they have Northern Ireland back, by peace or by force. There is no way for the two communities to exist together. Each generation becomes more and more entrenched in their beliefs. When one side attacks, the other retaliates with twice the force, giving way for another attack. Thus a circle of violence occurs, until one side does something so terrible that there is a call for peace. However when the peace comes it is uneasy with extremists ready for war again. The Enniskillen Bomb in1987 was one such event. It shocked all, extremists and non-extremists, on all sides. The IRA lost its 'grass root' support. And surprisingly it was a stimulus to peace because victim Gordon Wilson began a campaign for peace. The war was so terrible that it had caused peace. Firm unionists still feel anger over Enniskillen, but most nationalists feel that they must abandon armed struggle, but whenever a terrorist group gives up its arms, another group breaks away and continues to fight. Continual cycles of violence cause hate between the communities, Even if the IRA is disarmed, it will arm again, and recent news has proved this. The splintered view the world has of the events drives the communities apart. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The Real IRA

    Susie Derkins, author of The Irish Republican Party, claims, "It was leading to their exclusion from any official discussions of Northern Ireland's future" (43-44). A cease-fire was called on August 31, 1994. This allowed the IRA to join the legislative talks that lead to the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 (44).

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Irish America generally, until very recent years, was seen as being a hindrance rather than a help. So, there was a feeling, still remains a feeling, among the British political establishment that this has nothing to do with the United States, and there is a huge irritation among the more

  1. What Events Made The Signing Of The Good Friday Agreement Possible?

    Isle of Man to discuss areas of common concern; release within two years of paramilitary prisoners belonging to organisations observing the ceasefire; a two year target for decommissioning of paramilitary weapons; the modification of the Irish 'constitutional claim' to Northern Ireland; legislation for Northern Ireland on policing, human rights and equality.

  2. 'What has the Belfast Agreement of Good Friday, 10 April 1998, achieved?'

    From the 10th April 1998, a process of normalisation has taken place due to the Agreement. Though far from the 'normal peaceful society'6 (set out in the Agreement) but it has seen the reduction of troop levels within the province, and more recently the dismantlement of several British army observation towers in the south of Armagh.

  1. Prior to the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, all attempts to bring peace to ...

    Also, aiming for a united Ireland would displease the unionists, so the agreement would not gain the support of many people who it mattered to the most, even if it did please mainland Britain and Eire. The final proposal developed before 1998 was the Downing Street Declaration, agreed between the

  2. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    This is the kind of man that was jailed as a murderer, but then released as a political prisoner. This is a problem that still exists - murderer or political prisoner? Not only is the lack of trust between the sides a big issue, but there are also disagreements within each side.

  1. Northern Ireland - The Good Friday Agreement was created in April 1998, and then ...

    The IRA say a ceasefire is enough to show they back the democratic process but past experiences have seen Nationalists repressed and the democratic process ignored. This is because the IRA uses violence as a way to protest and they do not want to 'surrender' to the Unionists.

  2. Why was there a change in the levels of tension between Unionists and Nationalists ...

    This anger by the USA would have led to the US giving more support and weapons to the IRA. From source 1 (page 88), we can see that the highest number of deaths during the troubles was in 1972. A possible reason for this is because of the increased support for the IRA after Bloody Sunday.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work